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Molecules 2018, 23(7), 1580; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23071580

Effects of Melatonin on Antioxidant Capacity in Naked Oat Seedlings under Drought Stress

State Key Laboratory of Biotechnology of Shannxi Province, Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biothchnology in Western China (Ministry of Education), College of Life Science, Northwest University, Xi’an 710069, China
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Received: 30 May 2018 / Revised: 21 June 2018 / Accepted: 27 June 2018 / Published: 29 June 2018
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Abstract

Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine, MT) is a molecule with pleiotropic effects including antioxidant activity, regulated plant growth, development, and reduced environmental stress in plants. However, only a few studies have analyzed the effect of exogenous MT on drought stress in naked oat seedlings. Therefore, in this study, we studied the effects of exogenous MT on the antioxidant capacity of naked oat under drought stress to understand the possible antioxidant mechanism. The results showed that a pretreatment of 100 μM MT reduced the hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and superoxide anion (O2−•) contents. MT also enhanced superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) activities in the leaves of naked oat seedlings under 20% PEG-6000 drought stress. MT upregulated the expression levels of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) Asmap1 and Aspk11, and the transcription factor (TF) genes (except for NAC), WRKY1, DREB2, and MYB increased in drought with MT pretreatment seedlings when compared with seedlings exposed to drought stress alone. These data indicated that the MT-mediated induction of the antioxidant response may require the activation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and MAPK, followed by triggering a downstream MAPK cascade such as Asmap1 and Aspk11, to regulate the expression of antioxidant-related genes. This study demonstrated that MT could induce the expression of MAPKs and TFs and regulate the expression of downstream stress-responsive genes, thereby increasing the plant’s tolerance. This may provide a new idea for MT modulation in the regulation of plant antioxidant defenses. These results provide a theoretical basis for MT to alleviate drought stress in naked oat. View Full-Text
Keywords: drought stress; melatonin; naked oat seedling; antioxidant drought stress; melatonin; naked oat seedling; antioxidant
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Gao, W.; Zhang, Y.; Feng, Z.; Bai, Q.; He, J.; Wang, Y. Effects of Melatonin on Antioxidant Capacity in Naked Oat Seedlings under Drought Stress. Molecules 2018, 23, 1580.

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