Jasmonate-Elicited Stress Induces Metabolic Change in the Leaves of Leucaena leucocephala
AbstractThe plant Leucaena leucocephala was exposed to four jasmonate elicitors, i.e., jasmonic acid (JA), methyl jasmonic acid (MeJA), jasmonoyl-l-isoleucine (JA-Ile) and 6-ethyl indanoyl glycine conjugate (2-[(6-ethyl-1-oxo-indane-4-carbonyl)-amino]-acetic acid methyl ester) (CGM). The treatment was to mimic the herbivores and wounding stresses. By using NMR spectroscopy along with chemometric analysis, including principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), the changes of metabolites in the leaves of L. leucocephala were determined under the stress as induced by the four elicitors. The challenge of JA-Ile caused an accumulation of lactic acid (6), β-glucose (10), alanine (12), threonine (13), steroids (18), 3,4-dihydroxypyridine (19) and an unidentified compound 20. The chemometric analysis of the PCA and PLS-DA models indicated that the alternation of metabolites triggered by JA, MeJA, and CGM treatments were very minimum. In contrast, the treatment by JA-Ile could induce the most significant metabolic changes in the leaves. Moreover, there was very minimal new metabolite being detected in responding to the jasmonate-induced stresses. The results showed some metabolite concentrations changed after application of the elicitors, which may be related to a high level of tolerance to stress conditions as well as the strong ecological suitability of L. leucocephala. View Full-Text
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Xu, Y.; Tao, Z.; Jin, Y.; Chen, S.; Zhou, Z.; Gong, A.G.W.; Yuan, Y.; Dong, T.T.X.; Tsim, K.W.K. Jasmonate-Elicited Stress Induces Metabolic Change in the Leaves of Leucaena leucocephala. Molecules 2018, 23, 188.
Xu Y, Tao Z, Jin Y, Chen S, Zhou Z, Gong AGW, Yuan Y, Dong TTX, Tsim KWK. Jasmonate-Elicited Stress Induces Metabolic Change in the Leaves of Leucaena leucocephala. Molecules. 2018; 23(2):188.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xu, Yingchao; Tao, Zhenru; Jin, Yu; Chen, Shuangyan; Zhou, Zhongyu; Gong, Amy G.W.; Yuan, Yunfei; Dong, Tina T.X.; Tsim, Karl W.K. 2018. "Jasmonate-Elicited Stress Induces Metabolic Change in the Leaves of Leucaena leucocephala." Molecules 23, no. 2: 188.
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