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Open AccessArticle

Three Constituents of Moringa oleifera Seeds Regulate Expression of Th17-Relevant Cytokines and Ameliorate TPA-Induced Psoriasis-Like Skin Lesions in Mice

1
Institute of Tropical Medicine, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510405, China
2
Sci-tech Industrial Park, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510445, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2018, 23(12), 3256; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23123256
Received: 12 November 2018 / Revised: 3 December 2018 / Accepted: 7 December 2018 / Published: 10 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Medicinal Chemistry)
As a folk medicine, Moringa oleifera L. is used effectively to treat inflammatory conditions and skin diseases. However, its mechanism of action is not well understood, limiting its medical use. We isolated and identified three compounds, namely niazirin, marumoside A and sitosterol-3-O-β-d-glucoside, from the seeds of Moringa oleifera, and studied their effects on the expression of Th17-relevant cytokines (IL-12/IL-23 p40, IL-17A, IL-22 and IL-23 p19) using lipopolysaccharide-stimulated THP-1 cells. Additionally, as Th17 plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis, we used a 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced psoriasis-like skin lesion mouse model to study their potential therapeutic application in vivo. The compounds suppressed the expression of IL-12/IL-23 p40, IL-17A, IL-22 and IL-23 p19 in vitro, and in vivo they ameliorated psoriasis-like skin lesions, decreased IL-17A mRNA expression, and increased the expression of keratinocyte differentiation markers. To our knowledge, this is the first report regarding the mechanism and therapeutic application of Moringa oleifera seeds to treat psoriasis-like lesions in vivo. View Full-Text
Keywords: Moringa oleifera; niazirin; marumoside A; sitosterol-3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside; Th17; psoriasis Moringa oleifera; niazirin; marumoside A; sitosterol-3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside; Th17; psoriasis
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Ma, N.; Tang, Q.; Wu, W.-T.; Huang, X.-A.; Xu, Q.; Rong, G.-L.; Chen, S.; Song, J.-P. Three Constituents of Moringa oleifera Seeds Regulate Expression of Th17-Relevant Cytokines and Ameliorate TPA-Induced Psoriasis-Like Skin Lesions in Mice. Molecules 2018, 23, 3256.

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