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Molecules 2018, 23(11), 2922; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23112922

Highly Cancer Selective Antiproliferative Activity of Natural Prenylated Flavonoids

1
Department of Chemistry, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, C.K. Norwida 25, 50-375 Wrocław, Poland
2
Department of Experimental Oncology, Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy, Polish Academy of Sciences, Weigla 12, 53-114 Wrocław, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Natália Martins
Received: 26 September 2018 / Revised: 31 October 2018 / Accepted: 8 November 2018 / Published: 9 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Plant Compounds for Sustainable Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1769 KB, uploaded 9 November 2018]   |  

Abstract

Xanthohumol (XN) and four minor hops prenylflavonoids: α,β-dihydroxanthohumol (2HXN), isoxanthohumol (IXN), 8-prenylnaringenin (8PN), and 6-prenylnaringenin (6PN), were tested for antiproliferative activity towards human cancer and normal cell lines. Nonprenylated naringenin (NG) was used as a model compound. Xanthohumol, α,β-dihydroxanthohumol and 6-prenylnaringenin were the most active compounds. Xanthohumol exhibited higher antiproliferative activity than cisplatin (CP) against five cancer cell lines: ovarian resistant to cisplatin A2780cis, breast MDA-MB-231 and T-47D, prostate PC-3, and colon HT-29. Isoxanthohumol was more potent than cisplatin against breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB-231 and T-47D whereas 6-prenylnaringenin was stronger than cisplatin against breast cancer cell line T-47D. It was found that tested chalcones possessed highly selective antiproliferative activity towards all tested breast cancer lines compared to the normal breast MCF 10A cell line (the calculated selectivity index ranged from 5 to 10). Low antiproliferative activity of naringenin indicates the importance of the prenyl group with respect to antiproliferative activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: antiproliferative activity; hop flavonoids; selectivity; phytoestrogen antiproliferative activity; hop flavonoids; selectivity; phytoestrogen
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Bartmańska, A.; Tronina, T.; Popłoński, J.; Milczarek, M.; Filip-Psurska, B.; Wietrzyk, J. Highly Cancer Selective Antiproliferative Activity of Natural Prenylated Flavonoids. Molecules 2018, 23, 2922.

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