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Molecules 2018, 23(1), 115; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23010115

Zeolites as Catalysts for Fuels Refining after Indirect Liquefaction Processes

Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, 9211-116th Street, Edmonton, AB T6G 1H9, Canada
Received: 25 November 2017 / Revised: 30 December 2017 / Accepted: 1 January 2018 / Published: 6 January 2018
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Abstract

The use of zeolite catalysts for the refining of products from methanol synthesis and Fisher–Tropsch synthesis was reviewed. The focus was on fuels refining processes and differences in the application to indirect liquefaction products was compared to petroleum, which is often a case of managing different molecules. Processes covered were skeletal isomerisation of n-butenes, hydroisomerisation of n-butane, aliphatic alkylation, alkene oligomerisation, methanol to hydrocarbons, ethanol and heavier alcohols to hydrocarbons, carbonyls to hydrocarbons, etherification of alkenes with alcohols, light naphtha hydroisomerisation, catalytic naphtha reforming, hydroisomerisation of distillate, hydrocracking and fluid catalytic cracking. The zeolite types that are already industrially used were pointed out, as well as zeolite types that have future promise for specific conversion processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: refining; methanol; Fischer–Tropsch; zeolite catalysts refining; methanol; Fischer–Tropsch; zeolite catalysts
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Klerk, A.D. Zeolites as Catalysts for Fuels Refining after Indirect Liquefaction Processes. Molecules 2018, 23, 115.

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