ESeroS-GS Protects Neuronal Cells from Oxidative Stress by Stabilizing Lysosomes
Abstractγ-l-glutamyl-S-[2-[[[3,4-dihydro-2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-2-(4,8,12-trimethyltridecyl)-2H-1-benzopyran-6-yl]oxy]carbonyl]-3-[[2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl]amino]-3-oxopropyl]-l-cysteinylglycine sodium salt (ESeroS-GS) is a water-soluble derivative of α-tocopherol (vitamin E). We reported previously that ESeroS-GS can act as an anti-inflammatory agent and can induce cell death in breast cancer cells. However, the potential antioxidant capacities of ESeroS-GS remain elusive. Here, we measured its scavenging effects on free radicals and evaluated its protective effects on neuronal cells against oxidative stress. The results indicated that ESeroS-GS effectively scavenged both 2,2’-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline)-6-sulfonate free radicals (ABTS•+) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radicals, and attenuated H2O2-induced neuronal cell death. H2O2 treatment induced lysosomal membrane permeabilization rapidly, and caused the redistribution of lysosomal proteases, which were responsible for the neuronal cell death. ESeroS-GS abolished the interaction between tBid and the lysosomal membranes, blocked the translocation of tBid to the lysosomal membranes, decreased its oligomerization within the membrane circumstances, prevented the lysosomal membrane permeabilization, and thus attenuated the neuronal cell death. These data suggest that ESeroS-GS protected the neuronal cells from oxidative stress by stabilizing lysosomal membranes, and thus might act as a novel neuroprotector for neuronal diseases associated with oxidative stress. View Full-Text
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Yang, N.; Chen, Q.; He, X.; Zhao, X.; Wei, T. ESeroS-GS Protects Neuronal Cells from Oxidative Stress by Stabilizing Lysosomes. Molecules 2016, 21, 637.
Yang N, Chen Q, He X, Zhao X, Wei T. ESeroS-GS Protects Neuronal Cells from Oxidative Stress by Stabilizing Lysosomes. Molecules. 2016; 21(6):637.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yang, Na; Chen, Qianqian; He, Xiaolong; Zhao, Xingyu; Wei, Taotao. 2016. "ESeroS-GS Protects Neuronal Cells from Oxidative Stress by Stabilizing Lysosomes." Molecules 21, no. 6: 637.
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