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Open AccessArticle

Determination of Phenol Compounds In Surface Water Matrices by Bar Adsorptive Microextraction-High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Diode Array Detection

University of Lisbon, Faculty of Sciences, Chemistry and Biochemistry Department and Center of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Campo Grande Ed. C8, 1749-016 Lisbon, Portugal
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Molecules 2014, 19(7), 9369-9379; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules19079369
Received: 13 March 2014 / Revised: 26 June 2014 / Accepted: 27 June 2014 / Published: 3 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microextraction)
Bar adsorptive microextraction combined with liquid desorption followed by high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (BAµE-LD/HPLC-DAD) is proposed for the determination of trace levels of five phenol compounds (3-nitrophenol, 4-nitrophenol, bisphenol-A, 4-n-octylphenol and 4-n-nonylphenol) in surface water matrices. By using a polystyrene-divinylbenzene copolymer (PS-DVB) sorbent phase, high selectivity and efficiency is achieved even against polydimethylsiloxane through stir bar sorptive extraction. Assays performed by BAµE(PS-DVB)-LD/HPLC-DAD on 25 mL water samples spiked at the 10.0 µg/L levels yielded recoveries over 88.0% ± 5.7% for all five analytes, under optimized experimental conditions. The analytical performance showed good precision (RSD < 15%), detection limits of 0.25 µg/L and linear dynamic ranges (1.0–25.0 μg/L) with determination coefficient higher than 0.9904. By using the standard addition method, the application of the present method to surface water matrices allowed very good performances at the trace level. The proposed methodology proved to be a suitable alternative to monitor phenol compounds in surface water matrices, showing to be easy to implement, reliable, sensitive and requiring a low sample volume. View Full-Text
Keywords: bisphenol-A; alkylphenol; nitrophenol; bar adsorptive microextraction; floating sampling technology; HPLC-DAD; surface waters bisphenol-A; alkylphenol; nitrophenol; bar adsorptive microextraction; floating sampling technology; HPLC-DAD; surface waters
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MDPI and ACS Style

Neng, N.R.; Nogueira, J.M.F. Determination of Phenol Compounds In Surface Water Matrices by Bar Adsorptive Microextraction-High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Diode Array Detection. Molecules 2014, 19, 9369-9379. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules19079369

AMA Style

Neng NR, Nogueira JMF. Determination of Phenol Compounds In Surface Water Matrices by Bar Adsorptive Microextraction-High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Diode Array Detection. Molecules. 2014; 19(7):9369-9379. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules19079369

Chicago/Turabian Style

Neng, Nuno R.; Nogueira, José M.F. 2014. "Determination of Phenol Compounds In Surface Water Matrices by Bar Adsorptive Microextraction-High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Diode Array Detection" Molecules 19, no. 7: 9369-9379. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules19079369

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