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Entropy 2019, 21(4), 405; https://doi.org/10.3390/e21040405

Exclusion and Underdetermined Qualia

Department of Philosophy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea
Received: 26 February 2019 / Revised: 11 April 2019 / Accepted: 12 April 2019 / Published: 16 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Integrated Information Theory)
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Abstract

Integrated information theory (IIT) asserts that both the level and the quality of consciousness can be explained by the ability of physical systems to integrate information. Although the scientific content and empirical prospects of IIT have attracted interest, this paper focuses on another aspect of IIT, its unique theoretical structure, which relates the phenomenological axioms with the ontological postulates. In particular, the relationship between the exclusion axiom and the exclusion postulate is unclear. Moreover, the exclusion postulate leads to a serious problem in IIT: the quale underdetermination problem. Therefore, in this paper, I will explore answers to the following three questions: (1) how does the exclusion axiom lead to the exclusion postulate? (2) How does the exclusion postulate cause the qualia underdetermination problem? (3) Is there a solution to this problem? I will provide proposals and arguments for each question. If successful, IIT can be confirmed with respect to, not only its theoretical foundation, but also its practical application. View Full-Text
Keywords: integrated information theory; consciousness; qualia; experience; phenomenology; the qualia underdetermination integrated information theory; consciousness; qualia; experience; phenomenology; the qualia underdetermination
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Moon, K. Exclusion and Underdetermined Qualia. Entropy 2019, 21, 405.

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