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Entropy 2015, 17(9), 5938-5964;

Geometry of Multiscale Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics

Polytechnique de Montréal, C.P. 6079, succursale Centre-ville, Montréal H3C 3A7, QC, Canada
Academic Editor: George Ruppeiner
Received: 2 June 2015 / Revised: 14 August 2015 / Accepted: 20 August 2015 / Published: 25 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geometry in Thermodynamics)
PDF [298 KB, uploaded 25 August 2015]


The time evolution of macroscopic systems can be experimentally observed and mathematically described on many different levels of description. It has been conjectured that the governing equations on all levels are particular realizations of a single abstract equation. We support this conjecture by interpreting the abstract equation as a geometrical formulation of general nonequilibrium thermodynamics. View Full-Text
Keywords: equilibrium thermodynamics; nonequilibrium thermodynamics; contact geometry; GENERIC equilibrium thermodynamics; nonequilibrium thermodynamics; contact geometry; GENERIC
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Grmela, M. Geometry of Multiscale Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics. Entropy 2015, 17, 5938-5964.

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