Special Issue "Gender, Crime and Criminal Justice"

A special issue of Social Sciences (ISSN 2076-0760). This special issue belongs to the section "Gender Studies".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 December 2018)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Christopher W. Mullins

Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Southern Illinois University Carbondale, IL, USA
Website | E-Mail
Interests: gender and crime; masculinities; criminological theory; violations of international criminal law; international criminal courts

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

A great deal of theoretical and empirical work has established that gender is one of the strongest, and most persistent, correlates of criminal offending and victimization. This association holds across time and across space. Additionally, gender and gendered views can shape law making itself, influencing the criminalization and stigmatization of behaviors, which can further integrate gendered cultural structures and offending. Simply, if one wants to understand crime (be it offending, victimization, or criminalization), one must understand its gendered nature. By and large, in the contemporary era, men are responsible for the vast majority of serious criminal offending and, with a few exceptions, are also most often the victims of serious violent crimes. Women who do offend often find themselves restricted to more feminized crimes, or to different enactment approaches. Yet, there is also a sizable amount of gender overlap in motivation, enactment, and other forms of offending and victimization behavior. There are ample opportunities to enrich our understanding how gender operates at the macro and the micro level to mold crime and criminality.

This Special Issue intends to advance current discussions on gender and crime; it welcomes contributions that expand our understanding at all levels of analysis of: 1) the relationships between gender and offending, 2) the relationships of gender and victimization, 3) gender neutral or aspects of offending or victimization where there is an overlap or high degree of similarity in gender experiences, 4) gendered criminalization within law making, and 5) methodological issues related to the study of gender and crime. Due to the intersectional and interdisciplinary nature of studying the intersection of gender and crime, papers from relevant social sciences are welcomed, as are all theoretical, epistemological, and methodological approaches.

Dr. Christopher W. Mullins
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • gender and crime
  • masculinities
  • femininities
  • gendered victimization
  • law and social control
  • quantitative methods
  • qualitative methods
  • intersectionality

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Female Genital Mutilation in Nigeria: A Persisting Challenge for Women’s Rights
Soc. Sci. 2018, 7(12), 244; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci7120244
Received: 1 October 2018 / Revised: 15 November 2018 / Accepted: 19 November 2018 / Published: 22 November 2018
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Abstract
Although considered a violation of human rights, female genital mutilation (FGM) is a commonly accepted practice in Nigeria in the ritual and sociocultural context of the population. In recent years, there have been strong policy actions by Nigerian legislature to curb this practice.
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Although considered a violation of human rights, female genital mutilation (FGM) is a commonly accepted practice in Nigeria in the ritual and sociocultural context of the population. In recent years, there have been strong policy actions by Nigerian legislature to curb this practice. Despite that, FGM continues to be a widespread phenomenon. In this study, we aimed to report on the prevalence of FGM, women’s attitude towards this practice, and its association with selected sociodemographic factors. Methods: Nigeria Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 2003, 2008 and 2013 provided the data for this study. The participants were married women aged between 15 and 49 years. Owing to the clustered nature of the data, a complex survey plan was created to account for cluster effects and sampling weights. Data were analysed using bivariate and multivariate regression techniques. Results: Overall prevalence of FGM was 38.9% (95% CI = 36.4–40.1), and that among their daughters was 17.4% (95% CI = 15.3–19.7). There has been a substantial increase in the prevalence of FGM in 2013 compared to its 2003 level. Respondents who had undergone circumcision were more likely to have their daughters circumcised. In all three surveys, almost all of the circumcisions were performed by traditional practitioners. In the regression analysis, respondent’s age, area and region of residency, religious affiliation, educational status, and household wealth appeared to be significant predictors of FGM. Conclusion: In Nigeria, FGM remains a widely prevalent phenomenon with an increasing number of women experiencing this practice. Important regional and socioeconomic disparities were observed in the prevalence which merit urgent policy attention. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gender, Crime and Criminal Justice)
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