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Hydrobiology, Volume 1, Issue 1 (March 2022) – 10 articles

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Editorial
Hydrobiology: A New Open Access Journal for the Rapid Dissemination of the Latest Discoveries on Aquatic Biodiversity and Ecosystems
Hydrobiology 2022, 1(1), 137-138; https://doi.org/10.3390/hydrobiology1010010 - 21 Mar 2022
Viewed by 600
Abstract
We are pleased to announce the launch of Hydrobiology (ISSN 2673-9917) [...] Full article
Article
Occurrence of Freshwater Cyanobacteria and Bloom Records in Spanish Reservoirs (1981–2017)
Hydrobiology 2022, 1(1), 122-136; https://doi.org/10.3390/hydrobiology1010009 - 01 Mar 2022
Viewed by 720
Abstract
Cyanobacterial blooms constitute a global environmental concern, with sometimes serious implications for human and animal health. Consequently, they represent a major problem in the management of water and aquatic ecosystems. The design of good quality control and management programs is therefore imperative and, [...] Read more.
Cyanobacterial blooms constitute a global environmental concern, with sometimes serious implications for human and animal health. Consequently, they represent a major problem in the management of water and aquatic ecosystems. The design of good quality control and management programs is therefore imperative and, for this, a good understanding of the state of the art becomes essential. In Spain, information related to freshwater cyanobacteria is somewhat scattered. Thus, the main objective of this work is to gather all the available information related to cyanobacteria in Spanish artificial water bodies (reservoirs), with special attention to episodes of massive proliferation and probable toxic events. Data for this review were obtained from scientific papers, technical reports, and from the websites of the different Spanish basin organizations. From the review carried out, it is relevant that: cyanobacteria species have been recorded in 252 of the 988 existing reservoirs and blooms in 91 of them (most of them destined for water supply), potentially toxic cyanobacteria are widespread, and that occurrence of blooms has increased recently. The latter could be attributed to a spread monitoring effort. Nevertheless, the effect of the increasing eutrophication and climate change should not be underestimated. In addition to the data compilation, the relation between the cyanobacteria recorded in the Spanish water reservoirs and the geological area where the reservoirs are located has been analyzed. Full article
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Article
Effects of Environmental Changes on Gerromorpha (Heteroptera: Hemiptera) Communities from Amazonian Streams
Hydrobiology 2022, 1(1), 111-121; https://doi.org/10.3390/hydrobiology1010008 - 15 Feb 2022
Viewed by 810
Abstract
The presence of environmental conditions that are suitable for the development of agricultural and cattle-raising activities has favored the expansion of land use in the Brazilian Amazon. This expansion changes the environmental conditions of aquatic ecosystems by altering the structure of the streambeds [...] Read more.
The presence of environmental conditions that are suitable for the development of agricultural and cattle-raising activities has favored the expansion of land use in the Brazilian Amazon. This expansion changes the environmental conditions of aquatic ecosystems by altering the structure of the streambeds and the physicochemical conditions of the water. Therefore, this manuscript aimed to assess the effect of changes in environmental conditions along a gradient of different land uses on the richness and species composition of Gerromorpha (Heteroptera: Hemiptera) communities in streams from the Brazilian Amazon. We sampled Gerromorpha communities and environmental variables (physical structure of the habitat and physicochemical characteristics of the water) in 45 streams in the municipality of Paragominas in the state of Pará, Brazil. We then performed variation partitioning analyses to assess the relative contribution of habitat structure and water physicochemical variables on the richness and species composition. The Habitat Integrity Index (HII), which measures the habitat physical structure, was the best predictor of species richness. The HII and physicochemical variables were jointly the best predictors of species composition. Our results show that Gerromorpha communities respond to gradients of environmental anthropization in the Amazon region, which reinforces the importance of habitat integrity and water quality for the maintenance of Gerromorpha communities. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine and Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation)
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Review
Hydrobiological Aspects of Saturated, Methyl-Branched, and Cyclic Fatty Acids Derived from Aquatic Ecosystems: Origin, Distribution, and Biological Activity
Hydrobiology 2022, 1(1), 89-110; https://doi.org/10.3390/hydrobiology1010007 - 28 Jan 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 804
Abstract
This review focuses on the hydrobiological aspects of saturated, methyl-branched, and cyclic fatty acids (FA) derived from aquatic ecosystems. This short review presents the distribution of about 60 FA in various living organisms inhabiting the aquatic environment as well as in marine and [...] Read more.
This review focuses on the hydrobiological aspects of saturated, methyl-branched, and cyclic fatty acids (FA) derived from aquatic ecosystems. This short review presents the distribution of about 60 FA in various living organisms inhabiting the aquatic environment as well as in marine and freshwater sediments. In addition, it is important to determine the biological activity of saturated, methyl-branched, and cyclic fatty acids. An interesting finding was that some cyclic FA show antiplatelet activity. The generalized and presented data are of interest to hydrobiologists, chemists, and pharmacologists. Full article
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Article
Environmental Determinates of Distribution for Dragonfly Nymphs (Odonata: Anisoptera) in Urban and Non-Urban East Texas Streams, USA
Hydrobiology 2022, 1(1), 76-88; https://doi.org/10.3390/hydrobiology1010006 - 01 Jan 2022
Viewed by 828
Abstract
We collected environmental and habitat data for nymphs of 12 dragonfly species (Odonata: Anisoptera) from 91 stream sites throughout eastern Texas, including urban and non-urban locations. Understanding the relationship of dragonflies to habitat structure and other environmental variables is crucial for the purpose [...] Read more.
We collected environmental and habitat data for nymphs of 12 dragonfly species (Odonata: Anisoptera) from 91 stream sites throughout eastern Texas, including urban and non-urban locations. Understanding the relationship of dragonflies to habitat structure and other environmental variables is crucial for the purpose of conserving these insects and better using them as predictive tools for water quality assessments, and refining tolerance values. The objectives of this study were to determine the key environmental variables influencing the diversity and distribution of dragonflies in eastern Texas streams, and further determine if differences in those factors could be observed between urban and nonurban sites. We collected samples separately from benthic habitats and woody snag habitats. Significantly fewer sites were observed to have dragonfly species on snag habitat (mean = 1.25) compared to benthic samples (mean = 14.67) (t-test, p = 0.001). The number of dragonfly species collected among non-urban streams (mean = 9.83) was not significantly different than urban streams (mean = 6.08; t-test, p = 0.07). Detrended correspondence analysis of benthic and snag habitat data collected from non-urban and urban locations showed that most of the species are oriented most closely to benthic habitats in non-urban streams. Snag habitat was shown to be poorly ordinated for all of the species. A canonical correspondence analysis of 29 water quality and habitat variables as environmental determinants of dragonfly diversity and distribution showed that distributional relationships among species are complex and often described by multiple environmental factors. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine and Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation)
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Article
Crustaceans (Malacostraca and Thecostraca) from the International Minho River, Iberian Peninsula
Hydrobiology 2022, 1(1), 47-75; https://doi.org/10.3390/hydrobiology1010005 - 22 Dec 2021
Viewed by 1100
Abstract
Crustaceans (Arthropoda) are a diverse and abundant group with chitinous exoskeleton, living on coastal/estuarine environments, at community invertebrate fauna. A survey on the species of some crustacean groups found on the Minho River estuary (international section) in the Iberian Peninsula, is presented with [...] Read more.
Crustaceans (Arthropoda) are a diverse and abundant group with chitinous exoskeleton, living on coastal/estuarine environments, at community invertebrate fauna. A survey on the species of some crustacean groups found on the Minho River estuary (international section) in the Iberian Peninsula, is presented with specimens collected through glass eel fishing bycatch, grab sampler, trammel net, beam trawl and fyke net sampling methods. A total of 98 specimens were examined belonging to 7 orders, 21 genera and 23 species (17 new records from Minho River, including one for Portugal). Brief diagnosis, ecological notes, species distributions and figures are provided intending to present taxonomic support on future projects in this region. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine and Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation)
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Brief Report
Distribution and Important Areas for the Conservation of Amphibians in the Province of Seville, Spain: Identifying Priorities
Hydrobiology 2022, 1(1), 39-46; https://doi.org/10.3390/hydrobiology1010004 - 03 Dec 2021
Viewed by 1000
Abstract
Amphibians are among the most threatened vertebrates in the world due to habitat destruction, emerging diseases, and climate change, and therefore, it is of critical importance to identify the risk and conservation measures for their populations. In this work, we aimed to identify [...] Read more.
Amphibians are among the most threatened vertebrates in the world due to habitat destruction, emerging diseases, and climate change, and therefore, it is of critical importance to identify the risk and conservation measures for their populations. In this work, we aimed to identify the status of amphibian distribution in the province of Seville, in the south of Spain. We additionally wanted to identify critical conservation areas and propose measures of conservation for the whole community as well as specific taxa. To do this, we mapped the distribution of amphibians using our own data and bibliography and translated it into a 10 × 10 km2 UTM grid. Our work has allowed us to identify several areas of importance for amphibians in the province and populations of some species that need special attention. Full article
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Article
Insights into the Migration Routes and Historical Dispersion of Species Surviving the Messinian Crisis: The Case of Patella ulyssiponensis and Epizoic Rhodolith Lithophyllum hibernicum
Hydrobiology 2022, 1(1), 10-38; https://doi.org/10.3390/hydrobiology1010003 - 25 Nov 2021
Viewed by 1139
Abstract
The genus Patella (Patellogastropoda, Mollusca) is represented by a group of species exclusive to the Northeast Atlantic Ocean (including Macaronesian archipelagos) and Mediterranean Sea. The species Patella ulyssiponensis and Patella aspera are common in European waters, with the first inhabiting continental coast, and [...] Read more.
The genus Patella (Patellogastropoda, Mollusca) is represented by a group of species exclusive to the Northeast Atlantic Ocean (including Macaronesian archipelagos) and Mediterranean Sea. The species Patella ulyssiponensis and Patella aspera are common in European waters, with the first inhabiting continental coast, and the second endemic to Macaronesian archipelagos. However, the acceptance of these two lineages as separate species is still highly debated. The red coralline species algae Lithophyllum hibernicum, distributed from Northeast Atlantic to the Mediterranean, is usually found as epilithic crusts or unattached forms (named rhodolith beds), although it also forms epizoic crusts on other organisms, e.g., shell surfaces. In order to study the historic dispersal and migration routes of the Patella ulyssiponensis-aspera complex, taxonomic, genetic and biogeographic approaches were employed based on haplotype network analyses and estimations for the most common recent ancestor (TMRCA), using Cytochrome Oxydase I. A synonymy for these two species is proposed, with the presence of a shared haplotype between the continental (P. ulyssiponensis) and insular (P. aspera) lineages, and with basis of morphological and nomenclatural data. We propose an evolutionary scenario for its dispersal based on a high haplotype diversity for the Mediterranean regions, indicating its possible survival during the Messinian Salinity Crisis (6–5.3 Mya), followed by a colonization of the Proto-Macaronesian archipelagos. The epizoic association of L. hibernicum on P. ulyssiponensis shell adult surface is recorded in this study, likewise the promotion of settlement conditions provided by these coralline algae to P. ulyssiponensis larvae, may explain the reach of P. ulyssiponensis distribution through rhodolith transportation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine and Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation)
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Article
Effect of pH on Photosynthesis of Euglena mutabilis Schmitz, an Acidophilic Benthic Flagellate
Hydrobiology 2022, 1(1), 2-9; https://doi.org/10.3390/hydrobiology1010002 - 05 Oct 2021
Viewed by 1234
Abstract
The dependence of the photosynthetic rate of Euglena mutabilis Schmitz on pH across a range of 2.0–10.0 was investigated. Populations of E. mutabilis isolated from sediments of acidic mine drainage in Sensui (pH = 3.95) and a volcanic cold spring in Bougatsuru (pH [...] Read more.
The dependence of the photosynthetic rate of Euglena mutabilis Schmitz on pH across a range of 2.0–10.0 was investigated. Populations of E. mutabilis isolated from sediments of acidic mine drainage in Sensui (pH = 3.95) and a volcanic cold spring in Bougatsuru (pH = 5.32) were cultured in a pH-adjusted growth media for 96 h, and photosynthetic rate and dark respiration rate were measured. The maximum gross photosynthetic rate of E. mutabilis cells from the Sensui drainage population did not vary significantly over the pH range of 2.0–7.0, and their dark respiration rate showed high values at pH = 7.0. The maximum gross photosynthetic rate of E. mutabilis cells from the Bougatsuru spring population did not vary significantly within the pH range of 2.0–6.0, and their dark respiration rate tended to show high values at pH = 7.0. E. mutabilis can colonize under circumneutral conditions up to and including pH = 6.0. Full article
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Editorial
Publisher’s Note to Launch Hydrobiology
Hydrobiology 2022, 1(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/hydrobiology1010001 - 16 Jun 2021
Viewed by 1142
Abstract
When I was a student at Wuhan University, the last captive individual of baiji (Lipotes vexillifer), a species of freshwater dolphin, was living at the Freshwater Dolphin Research Centre of Wuhan Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences [...] Full article
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