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Entry

Effects of High Hydrostatic Pressure on Fungal Spores and Plant Bioactive Compounds

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LAQV-REQUIMTE, Department of Chemistry, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
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AgroBioTech Research Centre, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia
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Institute of Nutrition and Genomics, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, 949 76 Nitra, Slovakia
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Nutrition and Food Science Area, Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Food Science, Toxicology and Forensic Medicine Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Valencia, Avenida Vicent Andrés Estellés s/n, Burjassot, 46100 Valencia, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Raffaele Barretta and Milva Pepi
Encyclopedia 2022, 2(3), 1453-1463; https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia2030098
Received: 14 June 2022 / Revised: 1 August 2022 / Accepted: 8 August 2022 / Published: 12 August 2022
(This article belongs to the Collection Encyclopedia of Fungi)
Fungi, and their spores, are responsible for the spoilage of several foods and plants and are susceptible to contamination with mycotoxins, which have associated health hazards. In this context, proper methodologies for inactivating such fungi and controlling mycotoxin production are critical. High-pressure processing (HPP) has recently become popular as a nonthermal alternative to conventional thermal pasteurization processes. Even though HPP can effectively eliminate some fungal spores, some species, such as those from the genera Byssochlamys, Talaromyces, and Aspergillus, are quite resistant to this treatment. Additionally, high pressure can also be used as a cold extraction technique for bioactive compounds from medicinal plants and other matrices (termed high pressure-assisted extraction, HPE). With this method, safe use for food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical applications is guaranteed. This method simultaneously works (depending on the applied pressure level) as an extraction technique and induces the pasteurization effect on the extracts. This encyclopedia entry aims to highlight the effects of nonthermal HPP on fungal spores, the prevalence of mycotoxins in plant materials and how high pressure can be used as an extraction technique to produce high-value cold pasteurized extracts with biological activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: fungi; spores; high-pressure processing; mycotoxins; high-pressure extraction fungi; spores; high-pressure processing; mycotoxins; high-pressure extraction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pinto, C.A.; Holovicova, M.; Habanova, M.; Lima, V.; Duarte, R.V.; Barba, F.J.; Saraiva, J.A. Effects of High Hydrostatic Pressure on Fungal Spores and Plant Bioactive Compounds. Encyclopedia 2022, 2, 1453-1463. https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia2030098

AMA Style

Pinto CA, Holovicova M, Habanova M, Lima V, Duarte RV, Barba FJ, Saraiva JA. Effects of High Hydrostatic Pressure on Fungal Spores and Plant Bioactive Compounds. Encyclopedia. 2022; 2(3):1453-1463. https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia2030098

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pinto, Carlos A., Maria Holovicova, Marta Habanova, Vasco Lima, Ricardo V. Duarte, Francisco J. Barba, and Jorge A. Saraiva. 2022. "Effects of High Hydrostatic Pressure on Fungal Spores and Plant Bioactive Compounds" Encyclopedia 2, no. 3: 1453-1463. https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia2030098

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