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Age-Friendly Built Environment

Built Environment Discipline Group, Institute for Sustainable Industries and Liveable Cities, College of Engineering and Science, Victoria University, Footscray, VIC 3155, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonio Frattari
Encyclopedia 2021, 1(3), 781-791;
Received: 6 June 2021 / Revised: 29 July 2021 / Accepted: 5 August 2021 / Published: 10 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Encyclopedia of ZEMCH Research and Development)
Age-friendly built environments have been promoted by the World Health Organisation (WHO, Geneva, Switzerland) under the Global Age-friendly Cities (AFC) movement in which three domains are related to the built environment. These are: housing, transportation, outdoor spaces and public buildings. The aim is to foster active ageing by optimising opportunities for older adults to maximise their independent living ability and participate in their communities to enhance their quality of life and wellbeing. An age-friendly built environment is inclusive, accessible, respects individual needs and addresses the wide range of capacities across the course of life. Age-friendly housing promotes ageing in familiar surroundings and maintains social connections at the neighbourhood and community levels. Both age-friendly housing and buildings provide barrier-free provisions to minimise the needs for subsequent adaptations. Age-friendly public and outdoor spaces encourage older adults to spend time outside and engage with others against isolation and loneliness. Age-friendly public transport enables older adults to get around and enhances their mobility. For achieving an age-friendly living environment, a holistic approach is required to enable independent living, inclusion and active participation of older adults in society. The eight domains of the AFC movement are not mutually exclusive but overlap and support with one another. View Full-Text
Keywords: age-friendly; active ageing; ageing in place; walkability; bikeability; accessibility age-friendly; active ageing; ageing in place; walkability; bikeability; accessibility
MDPI and ACS Style

Chau, H.-W.; Jamei, E. Age-Friendly Built Environment. Encyclopedia 2021, 1, 781-791.

AMA Style

Chau H-W, Jamei E. Age-Friendly Built Environment. Encyclopedia. 2021; 1(3):781-791.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chau, Hing-Wah, and Elmira Jamei. 2021. "Age-Friendly Built Environment" Encyclopedia 1, no. 3: 781-791.

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