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Review

Recent Advances in the Control of Helminths of Domestic Animals by Helminthophagous Fungi

1
Departamento de Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Viçosa 36570-900, Brazil
2
Laboratório de Parasitologia Experimental e Controle Biológico, Universidade Vila Velha (UVV), Vila Velha 29103-900, Brazil
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Area de Helmintología, Centro Nacional de Investigación Disciplinaria en Parasitología Veterinaria, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agrícolas y Pecuarias, Jiutepec 62556, Mexico
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Departamento de Patología Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, ZC 27002 Lugo, Spain
5
Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Instituto Federal da Paraíba (IFPB), Sousa 58807-630, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Theo De Waal and Geoff Hide
Parasitologia 2021, 1(3), 168-176; https://doi.org/10.3390/parasitologia1030018
Received: 10 July 2021 / Revised: 2 September 2021 / Accepted: 5 September 2021 / Published: 7 September 2021
This review describes the advances acquired and proven in the use of helminthophagous fungi in the control of gastrointestinal helminth parasites in domestic animals. Old and well-known premises about parasitic epidemiology and the factors that can interfere with the best performance of biological control are mentioned. Some of the most promising fungi are Duddingtonia flagrans from the predatory fungi group and Pochonia chamydosporia and Mucor circinelloides from the ovicidal fungi group. These fungi produce resistance spores called chlamidospores. Bioverm® and BioWorma®, based on the fungus D. flagrans, are available as commercial. Biotechnological products such as nanoparticles and obtaining primary and secondary metabolites have already been obtained from these fungi. Because they have different mechanisms of action, ovicidal and predatory fungi, when used together, can present a complementary and synergistic action in the biological control of helminths. Therefore, future research in the search for new formulations, the association of fungi from different groups, extraction of new molecules, and nanoparticles of these fungi in the control of helminths in various domestic animals are desired. View Full-Text
Keywords: nematophagous fungi; predatory fungi; ovicidal fungi; Duddingtonia flagrans; Pochonia chlamydosporia; Mucor circinelloides nematophagous fungi; predatory fungi; ovicidal fungi; Duddingtonia flagrans; Pochonia chlamydosporia; Mucor circinelloides
MDPI and ACS Style

Araújo, J.V.; Braga, F.R.; Mendoza-de-Gives, P.; Paz-Silva, A.; Vilela, V.L.R. Recent Advances in the Control of Helminths of Domestic Animals by Helminthophagous Fungi. Parasitologia 2021, 1, 168-176. https://doi.org/10.3390/parasitologia1030018

AMA Style

Araújo JV, Braga FR, Mendoza-de-Gives P, Paz-Silva A, Vilela VLR. Recent Advances in the Control of Helminths of Domestic Animals by Helminthophagous Fungi. Parasitologia. 2021; 1(3):168-176. https://doi.org/10.3390/parasitologia1030018

Chicago/Turabian Style

Araújo, Jackson V., Fabio R. Braga, Pedro Mendoza-de-Gives, Adolfo Paz-Silva, and Vinícius L.R. Vilela. 2021. "Recent Advances in the Control of Helminths of Domestic Animals by Helminthophagous Fungi" Parasitologia 1, no. 3: 168-176. https://doi.org/10.3390/parasitologia1030018

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