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Interactions between Parasitic Infections and Reproductive Efficiency in Horses

1
Veterinary Faculty, University of Thessaly, 43100 Karditsa, Greece
2
Laboratory of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Geoff Hide
Parasitologia 2021, 1(3), 148-157; https://doi.org/10.3390/parasitologia1030016
Received: 22 June 2021 / Revised: 11 August 2021 / Accepted: 12 August 2021 / Published: 13 August 2021
Parasites remain a significant threat to horses’ health and welfare. The present paper reviews and discusses interactions between parasitic infections and reproductive efficiency in horses. The manuscript describes the interactions in a structured way, presenting the infecting parasites and the respective effects in the reproductive activity of horses. The following stages of the reproductive cycle are covered: ovarian activity and relevant body condition, breeding management (including effects in mares and stallions), pregnancy and neonatal period. A separate section covers the topic of transmission of pathogens to horses through parasites. Finally, parasite control strategies in relation to reproductive activity (strategies for breeding mares and foals) are discussed. Understanding the causality of impaired reproductive performance is essential in terms of maintaining productivity and efficient stud breeding strategies. Further collaboration of parasitologists, stud managers and veterinarians is necessary in order to implement novel control strategies with a greater emphasis on the emerging challenges. View Full-Text
Keywords: breeding; control; foal; helminth; horse; infection; mare; parasite; reproduction; Strongylus breeding; control; foal; helminth; horse; infection; mare; parasite; reproduction; Strongylus
MDPI and ACS Style

Tyrnenopoulou, P.; Boufis, P.T.; Fthenakis, G.C.; Papadopoulos, E. Interactions between Parasitic Infections and Reproductive Efficiency in Horses. Parasitologia 2021, 1, 148-157. https://doi.org/10.3390/parasitologia1030016

AMA Style

Tyrnenopoulou P, Boufis PT, Fthenakis GC, Papadopoulos E. Interactions between Parasitic Infections and Reproductive Efficiency in Horses. Parasitologia. 2021; 1(3):148-157. https://doi.org/10.3390/parasitologia1030016

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tyrnenopoulou, Panagiota, Petros T. Boufis, George C. Fthenakis, and Elias Papadopoulos. 2021. "Interactions between Parasitic Infections and Reproductive Efficiency in Horses" Parasitologia 1, no. 3: 148-157. https://doi.org/10.3390/parasitologia1030016

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