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Effect of Neonicotinoid Exposure on the Life History Traits and Susceptibility to Plasmodium Infection on the Major Avian Malaria Vector Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae)

1
Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
2
Equipe EES, Laboratoire EBI, Université de Poitiers, UMR CNRS 7267, F-86073 Poitiers, France
3
Musée Cantonal de Zoologie, CH-1014 Lausanne, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Siddhartha Das
Parasitologia 2021, 1(1), 20-33; https://doi.org/10.3390/parasitologia1010003
Received: 10 February 2021 / Revised: 8 March 2021 / Accepted: 14 March 2021 / Published: 16 March 2021
Culex pipiens complexes play an important role in the transmission of a wide range of pathogens that infect humans, including viruses and filarial worms, as well as pathogens of wildlife, such as the avian malaria parasite (Plasmodium spp.). Numerous biotic and abiotic stresses influence vector-borne pathogen transmission directly, through changes in vector density, or indirectly by changing vector immunocompetence, lifespan, or reproductive potential. Among these stresses, mosquito exposure to sublethal doses of pesticides could have important consequences. In addition to being exposed to pollutants in aquatic breeding sites, mosquitoes can also be exposed to chemicals as adults through their diet (plant nectar). In this study, we explored the impact of mosquito exposure at the larval and adult stages to one of the most commonly used pesticides, imidacloprid, a chemical belonging to the class of the neonicotinoids, on a set of life history traits ranging from development time to fecundity. We also studied the impact of this pesticide on the susceptibility of mosquitoes to infection by the avian malaria parasite, Plasmodium relictum. Surprisingly, we observed no effects of imidacloprid on any of the parameters examined. This result highlights the fact that Culex pipiens mosquitoes do not appear to be susceptible to imidacloprid when exposure doses are close to those measured in the field. View Full-Text
Keywords: imidacloprid; pesticide; vectors; sub-lethal dose; field-realistic dose; fecundity; survival; development time imidacloprid; pesticide; vectors; sub-lethal dose; field-realistic dose; fecundity; survival; development time
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pigeault, R.; Bataillard, D.; Glaizot, O.; Christe, P. Effect of Neonicotinoid Exposure on the Life History Traits and Susceptibility to Plasmodium Infection on the Major Avian Malaria Vector Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae). Parasitologia 2021, 1, 20-33. https://doi.org/10.3390/parasitologia1010003

AMA Style

Pigeault R, Bataillard D, Glaizot O, Christe P. Effect of Neonicotinoid Exposure on the Life History Traits and Susceptibility to Plasmodium Infection on the Major Avian Malaria Vector Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae). Parasitologia. 2021; 1(1):20-33. https://doi.org/10.3390/parasitologia1010003

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pigeault, Romain; Bataillard, Danaé; Glaizot, Olivier; Christe, Philippe. 2021. "Effect of Neonicotinoid Exposure on the Life History Traits and Susceptibility to Plasmodium Infection on the Major Avian Malaria Vector Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae)" Parasitologia 1, no. 1: 20-33. https://doi.org/10.3390/parasitologia1010003

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