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Article

Trends in the Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity and Associated Socioeconomic and Household Environmental Factors among Women in Nepal: Findings from the Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys

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Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Institute of Engineering, Tribhuvan University, Lalitpur 44600, Nepal
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Philanthropy Nepal (Paropakari Nepal) Research Collaboration, Auburn, NSW 2144, Australia
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East West College of Pharmacy, Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bengaluru 560091, India
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Department of Pediatrics, Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital, Jorpati, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal
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School of Health Sciences, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia
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School of Medicine, Western Sydney University, Campbelltown, NSW 2560, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nobuyuki Takahashi
Obesities 2021, 1(2), 113-135; https://doi.org/10.3390/Obesities1020011
Received: 26 June 2021 / Revised: 20 August 2021 / Accepted: 23 August 2021 / Published: 2 September 2021
This study aimed to examine the trends in the prevalence of overweight and obesity and to determine the associated socioeconomic and household environmental factors among women in Nepal. Using nationally representative data from the 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011, and 2016 cross-sectional Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys (NDHSs) (n = 33,507), the prevalence of overweight–obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m2) and obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) among women aged 15–49 years were examined. From the latest NDHS 2016, non-pregnant women with recorded anthropometric measurements (n = 6165) were included in the final analyses. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to determine the socioeconomic and household environmental factors associated with BMI ≥ 25 and BMI ≥ 30. Between 1996 and 2016, the prevalence of overweight–obesity increased from 1.8% to 19.7%, while the prevalence of obesity increased from 0.2% to 4.1%. Age, marital status, wealth index, province of residence, type of cooking fuel, and household possessions—refrigerator and bicycle were significantly associated with having overweight–obesity and obesity. Similarly, educational status, religion, type of toilet facility, and household possessions—television and mobile phone were significantly associated with having overweight–obesity. Given the alarming increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Nepalese women, there is an urgent need for interventions addressing these critical socioeconomic and household environmental factors. View Full-Text
Keywords: overweight; obesity; BMI; Nepal; women; socioeconomic factors; household environmental factors; sustainable development goals overweight; obesity; BMI; Nepal; women; socioeconomic factors; household environmental factors; sustainable development goals
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rana, K.; Ghimire, P.; Chimoriya, R.; Chimoriya, R. Trends in the Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity and Associated Socioeconomic and Household Environmental Factors among Women in Nepal: Findings from the Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys. Obesities 2021, 1, 113-135. https://doi.org/10.3390/Obesities1020011

AMA Style

Rana K, Ghimire P, Chimoriya R, Chimoriya R. Trends in the Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity and Associated Socioeconomic and Household Environmental Factors among Women in Nepal: Findings from the Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys. Obesities. 2021; 1(2):113-135. https://doi.org/10.3390/Obesities1020011

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rana, Kritika, Puspa Ghimire, Romila Chimoriya, and Ritesh Chimoriya. 2021. "Trends in the Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity and Associated Socioeconomic and Household Environmental Factors among Women in Nepal: Findings from the Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys" Obesities 1, no. 2: 113-135. https://doi.org/10.3390/Obesities1020011

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