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Endocrines: A Passion for Endocrinology
Open AccessCommunication

Recent Progress in Stem Cell Research of the Pituitary Gland and Pituitary Adenoma

Department of Neurosurgery, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan
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Endocrines 2020, 1(1), 49-57; https://doi.org/10.3390/endocrines1010006
Received: 5 June 2020 / Revised: 16 July 2020 / Accepted: 23 July 2020 / Published: 27 July 2020
Regenerative medicine and anti-tumoral therapy have been developed through understanding tissue stem cells and cancer stem cells (CSCs). The concept of tissue stem cells has been applied to the pituitary gland (PG). Recently, PG stem cells (PGSCs) were successfully differentiated from human embryonic stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells, showing an in vivo therapeutic effect in a hypopituitary model. Pituitary adenomas (PAs) are common intracranial neoplasms that are generally benign, but treatment resistance remains a major concern. The concept of CSCs applies to PA stem cells (PASCs). Genetic alterations in human PGSCs result in PASC development, leading to treatment-resistant PAs. To determine an efficient treatment against refractory PAs, it is of paramount importance to understand the relationship between PGSCs, PASCs and PAs. The goal of this review is to discuss several new findings about PGSCs and the roles of PASCs in PA tumorigenesis. View Full-Text
Keywords: stem cell; niche; pituitary gland; pituitary adenoma; differentiation; marker stem cell; niche; pituitary gland; pituitary adenoma; differentiation; marker
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MDPI and ACS Style

Toda, M.; Tamura, R.; Toda, M. Recent Progress in Stem Cell Research of the Pituitary Gland and Pituitary Adenoma. Endocrines 2020, 1, 49-57. https://doi.org/10.3390/endocrines1010006

AMA Style

Toda M, Tamura R, Toda M. Recent Progress in Stem Cell Research of the Pituitary Gland and Pituitary Adenoma. Endocrines. 2020; 1(1):49-57. https://doi.org/10.3390/endocrines1010006

Chicago/Turabian Style

Toda, Masataro; Tamura, Ryota; Toda, Masahiro. 2020. "Recent Progress in Stem Cell Research of the Pituitary Gland and Pituitary Adenoma" Endocrines 1, no. 1: 49-57. https://doi.org/10.3390/endocrines1010006

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