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Volume 1, September

Hearts, Volume 1, Issue 1 (June 2020) – 4 articles

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Review
Management of Uncomplicated Type B Aortic Dissection
Hearts 2020, 1(1), 14-24; https://doi.org/10.3390/hearts1010004 - 18 May 2020
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 888
Abstract
Acute aortic dissection has an incidence of approximately half that of symptomatic abdominal and thoracic aneurysm of the aorta and more than twice the mortality of population-based controls. While urgent undelayed open surgery is the strategy of choice in proximal dissection, medical management [...] Read more.
Acute aortic dissection has an incidence of approximately half that of symptomatic abdominal and thoracic aneurysm of the aorta and more than twice the mortality of population-based controls. While urgent undelayed open surgery is the strategy of choice in proximal dissection, medical management has been the mainstay of treatment for uncomplicated distal or type B aortic dissection, but endovascular intervention is now considered a potential treatment option for all type B dissection due to its success in complicated cases. Endovascular repair can be technically demanding in aortic dissection, and timing of the repair can have a significant influence on anatomical and clinical outcome. Observational reports of feasibility and reasonable safety are flanked by only two randomised trials; the Acute Dissection Stent Grafting or Best Medical Treatment (ADSORB) trial demonstrated improved remodelling in acute dissection and the INvestigation of STEnt grafts in patients with type B Aortic Dissections (INSTEAD) trial showed better long-term survival in patients treated endovascularly in the subacute phase. Meta-analyses and other large clinical studies have demonstrated mixed results. Due to some risks associated endovascular repair and the requirement of specialist aortic care (which is not always available), a pragmatic approach for current management could involve high intensity serial imaging in the acute phase of a type B aortic dissection, thereby identifying complicated cases for early intervention and selection of patients at high risk of disease progression for deferred endovascular management in the subacute phase within 90 days. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Thoracic Aorta)
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Perspective
The Management of Penetrating Aortic Ulcer
Hearts 2020, 1(1), 5-13; https://doi.org/10.3390/hearts1010003 - 15 May 2020
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1352
Abstract
Penetrating aortic ulceration (PAU) is part of the spectrum of acute aortic syndromes (AAS), and is defined as an ulcerated intimal disruption due to atherosclerotic disease. PAU may be simple, isolated and asymptomatic, or it may be symptomatic, aneurysmal and extensive; these may [...] Read more.
Penetrating aortic ulceration (PAU) is part of the spectrum of acute aortic syndromes (AAS), and is defined as an ulcerated intimal disruption due to atherosclerotic disease. PAU may be simple, isolated and asymptomatic, or it may be symptomatic, aneurysmal and extensive; these may progress and lead to rupture. This review aims to evaluate the treatment options for PAU. Treatment options range from radiological surveillance, risk factor modification, best medical therapy and open or endovascular surgical repair. Patients with PAU are frequently older and comorbid with relatively damaged aortic tissue; this can make open surgical repair more challenging. Endovascular repairs for larger, symptomatic, aneurysmal PAU may be performed with acceptable outcomes. Complex endovascular repairs may be required depending on the pathology. Patients with small, asymptomatic, uncomplicated PAU may be safely followed up with surveillance. PAU with concomitant intramural haematoma (IMH) should be closely monitored to observe for resolution or progression following conservative and medical management strategies. PAU is a unique entity and its natural history should be studied independently to better understand appropriate management strategies. This research is currently lacking, and larger studies or registries may be helpful in optimising PAU management. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Thoracic Aorta)
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Editorial
Hearts—A New International Open Access Journal for Cardiology, Cardiac and Vascular Surgery
Hearts 2020, 1(1), 3-4; https://doi.org/10.3390/hearts1010002 - 12 May 2020
Viewed by 843
Abstract
As an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed open access journal for all areas of cardiology and cardiovascular surgery, Hearts has now been founded to publish original research, reviews, position papers and guideline documents, letters, ‘how to do’ reports, and rapid communications [...] Full article
Editorial
Hearts—An Open Access Journal of Cardiology
Hearts 2020, 1(1), 1-2; https://doi.org/10.3390/hearts1010001 - 25 Dec 2019
Viewed by 1206
Abstract
MDPI has been publishing several medical journals, including: International Journal of Neonatal Screening [...] Full article
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