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Open AccessArticle

Solid State Optical Microlasers Fabrication via Microfluidic Channels

1
Photonics Micro-devices Fabrication Lab, Engineering Technology Department, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76207, USA
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Mechanical and Energy Engineering Department, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76207, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Optics 2020, 1(1), 88-96; https://doi.org/10.3390/opt1010007
Received: 10 February 2020 / Revised: 20 February 2020 / Accepted: 26 February 2020 / Published: 1 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fabrication and Applications of Photonic Micro-Devices)
In this paper, we propose the use of a microfluidic channel with flow focusing technique to fabricate solid state polymeric microlasers to precisely control sizes for mass production. Microlasers are made from a solution of UV curable polymer, namely polyethylene glycol diacrylate (PEGDA) with a molecular weight of 700 and rhodamine 6G laser dye at two different volumetric ratios (polymer to dye) of 4:1 and 2:1, respectively, which are used as the dispersed phase. A reservoir filled with liquid polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) was used to cure the microlasers via UV lamp. A microchannel made of (PDMS) and size of 200 µm was used in this paper; mineral oil was selected as the continuous phase. Two experiments are conducted by fixing the pressure flow for the dispersed phase to 188 mbar and 479.9 mbar, respectively. In both experiments, the pressure of the continuous phase (mineral oil) was varied between 1666.9 mbar and 1996.9 mbar. The measurement of the fabricated microlasers’ size was performed with the aid of the MATLAB Image Processing Toolbox by using photographs taken with a CMOS camera. The tunability of the highest size, ranging from 109 µm to 72 µm, was found for the PEGDA to dye ratio of 2:1 (188 mbar) and average standard deviation of 1.49 µm, while no tunability was found for the 4:1 ratio (188 mbar). The tunability of the microlaser’s size, ranging from 139 µm to 130 µm and an average standard deviation value of 1.47 µm, was found for the 4:1 ratio (479.9 mbar). The fabricated microlasers presented a quality factor Q of the order 104, which is suitable for sensing applications. This technique can be used to control the size of the fabrication of a high number of solid state microlaser based UV polymers mixed with laser dyes. View Full-Text
Keywords: microlasers; PEGDA; microfluidics microlasers; PEGDA; microfluidics
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Manzo, M.; Cavazos, O. Solid State Optical Microlasers Fabrication via Microfluidic Channels. Optics 2020, 1, 88-96.

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