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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Back Touching on Tidal Volume

1
International Humanities and Social Sciences, J.F. Oberlin University, Tokyo 194-0294, Japan
2
Faculty of Health Science Technology, The Occupational Therapy Department, Bunkyo Gakuin University, Saitama 356-8533, Japan
3
International Humanities and Social Sciences, The International Mental Fitness Institute, J.F. Oberlin University, Tokyo 194-0294, Japan
4
College of Arts and Sciences, J.F. Oberlin University, Tokyo 194-0294, Japan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Psych 2019, 1(1), 412-419; https://doi.org/10.3390/psych1010031
Received: 17 April 2019 / Revised: 5 July 2019 / Accepted: 9 July 2019 / Published: 11 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Behavioral Operations Management)
The purpose of this basic experiment was to examine the effects of soft touching on an experiment participant’s back on tidal volume (TV), as an increase in TV was considered an indication of enhanced relaxation. Healthy experiment participants were divided into an intervention group, where soft touching was administered for two minutes on their back, and a control group, where they were asked to rest. Then the change in TV was measured using a spiro-meter two factor analysis of variance (ANOVA; mixture design) was conducted. As a result of two factor ANOVA, the intervention group’s TV changed with statistical significance, while no statistically significant change was observed in the control group. There was a possibility that soft touching on the back had a positive effect on the increase of TV and relaxation. As a result of soft touching on the back, TV was increased. Subjective indicators suggested that the relaxation was enhanced by soft touching on the back. View Full-Text
Keywords: touching on the back; tidal volume; relaxation touching on the back; tidal volume; relaxation
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Hitomi, T.; Yachi, C.T.; Yamaguchi, H. Effects of Back Touching on Tidal Volume. Psych 2019, 1, 412-419.

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