Next Article in Journal
Should Cognitive Differences Research Be Forbidden?
Next Article in Special Issue
Exercise and Retrieval-Induced Forgetting
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Experimental Manipulation of Psychological Control Scenarios: Implications for Exercise and Memory Research
Open AccessArticle

Effects of Intensity-Specific Acute Exercise on Paired-Associative Memory and Memory Interference

Exercise & Memory Laboratory, Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, The University of Mississippi, Oxford, MS 38677, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Psych 2019, 1(1), 290-305; https://doi.org/10.3390/psych1010020
Received: 10 April 2019 / Revised: 15 May 2019 / Accepted: 22 May 2019 / Published: 25 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cognition and memory: from body to mind and back)
The improvement of memory performance is an ever-growing interest in research, with implications in many fields. Thus, identifying strategies to enhance memory and attenuate memory interference is of great public health and personal interest. The objective of this paper was to evaluate the role of intensity-specific acute exercise on improving paired-associative memory function and attenuating memory interference. A counterbalanced, randomized controlled, within-subject experimental design was employed. The three counterbalanced visits included a control visit, moderate-intensity exercise (50% of HRR; heart rate reserve) and vigorous-intensity exercise (80% of HRR), all of which occurred prior to the memory assessment. To evaluate memory interference, an AB/AC paired-associative task was implemented for each laboratory visit. The number of correctly recalled words from List 1 (AB–DE) was statistically significantly (F = 4.63, p = 0.01, η2p = 0.205) higher for the vigorous-intensity condition (M = 6.53, SD = 1.54) as compared to moderate-intensity (M = 6.11, SD = 1.59) and control (M = 5.00, SD = 2.56) conditions. No statistical significance was found between proactive interference or retroactive interference across the experimental conditions. This experiment provides evidence for an intensity-specific effect of acute exercise on short-term, paired-associative memory, but not memory interference. View Full-Text
Keywords: AB/AC paradigm; memory; paired associates; exercise; memory interference; intensity-specific; proactive interference; retroactive interference; moderate intensity; vigorous intensity AB/AC paradigm; memory; paired associates; exercise; memory interference; intensity-specific; proactive interference; retroactive interference; moderate intensity; vigorous intensity
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Crawford, L.; Loprinzi, P. Effects of Intensity-Specific Acute Exercise on Paired-Associative Memory and Memory Interference. Psych 2019, 1, 290-305.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop