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Open AccessArticle

A Testbed for GNSS-Based Positioning and Navigation Technologies in Smart Cities: The HANSEL Project

Department of Electronics and Telecommunications, Politecnico di Torino, 10129 Turin, Italy
LINKS Foundation, 10138 Turin, Italy
Rokubun S.L., 08018 Barcelona, Spain
Traffic Network Solutions S.L., 08028 Barcelona, Spain
Department of Telecommunications and Systems Engineering, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Barcelona, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Smart Cities 2020, 3(4), 1219-1241;
Received: 16 September 2020 / Revised: 10 October 2020 / Accepted: 14 October 2020 / Published: 19 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Smart Positioning and Timing)
In urban contexts, the increasing density of electronic devices equipped with Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receivers and complementary positioning technologies is attracting research and development efforts devoted to an improvement of the quality of life towards the smart city paradigm. Vehicular and pedestrian positioning and navigation capabilities are among the major drivers for innovation in this process. Ultra-low-cost electronics such as smartphones and Internet of Things (IoT) sensors aim at providing accurate and reliable positioning solutions through a set of promising solutions. Among these, snapshot positioning allows to remotely perform the post-processing of GNSS signals in IoT sensor networks while Wi-Fi™ ranging and cooperative positioning provide auxiliary anchors of opportunity to enhance indoor/outdoor positioning capabilities. This paper presents an innovative platform to perform a centralised testing and assessment of such positioning and navigation technologies along with a set of results obtained in the context of the European project HANSEL, by relying on current network technologies and infrastructures (i.e., Wi-Fi™ and cellular connectivity). View Full-Text
Keywords: GNSS; LTE; smart cities; Wi-Fi™; collaborative positioning GNSS; LTE; smart cities; Wi-Fi™; collaborative positioning
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Minetto, A.; Dovis, F.; Vesco, A.; Garcia-Fernandez, M.; López-Cruces, À.; Trigo, J.L.; Molina, M.; Pérez-Conesa, A.; Gáñez-Fernández, J.; Seco-Granados, G.; López-Salcedo, J.A. A Testbed for GNSS-Based Positioning and Navigation Technologies in Smart Cities: The HANSEL Project. Smart Cities 2020, 3, 1219-1241.

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