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Redefining the Use of Big Data in Urban Health for Increased Liveability in Smart Cities

1
Curtin University Sustainability Policy Institute, Curtin University, Perth 2605, Australia
2
Department of Digital Technologies, University of Mauritius, Reduit 80837, Mauritius
3
Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), 08003 Barcelona, Spain
4
Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research (AISSR), University of Amsterdam, 1018 WV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
5
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Barcelona (UB), 08036 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Smart Cities 2019, 2(2), 259-268; https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities2020017
Received: 7 June 2019 / Accepted: 19 June 2019 / Published: 22 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Big Data Science for Cities Management)
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PDF [247 KB, uploaded 22 June 2019]

Abstract

Policy decisions and urban governance are being influenced by an emergence of data from internet of things (IoT), which forms the backbone of Smart Cities, giving rise to Big Data which is processed and analyzed by Artificial Intelligence models at speeds unknown to mankind decades ago. This is providing new ways of understanding how well cities perform, both in terms of economics as well as in health. However, even though cities have been increasingly digitalized, accelerated by the concept of Smart Cities, the exploration of urban health has been limited by the interpretation of sensor data from IoT devices, omitting the inclusion of data from human anatomy and the emergence of biological data in various forms. This paper advances the need for expanding the concept of Big Data beyond infrastructure to include that of urban health through human anatomy; thus, providing a more cohesive set of data, which can lead to a better knowledge as to the relationship of people with the city and how this pertains to the thematic of urban health. Coupling both data forms will be key in supplementing the contemporary notion of Big Data for the pursuit of more contextualized, resilient, and sustainable Smart Cities, rendering more liveable fabrics, as outlined in the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 11 and the New Urban Agenda. View Full-Text
Keywords: big data; urban health; smart cities; medical data; artificial intelligence; internet of things (IoT); liveability big data; urban health; smart cities; medical data; artificial intelligence; internet of things (IoT); liveability
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Allam, Z.; Tegally, H.; Thondoo, M. Redefining the Use of Big Data in Urban Health for Increased Liveability in Smart Cities. Smart Cities 2019, 2, 259-268.

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