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Article

Effect of Blade Curvature on Fan Integration in Engine Cooling Module

Valeo Thermal System, 8, rue Louis Lormand, CS 80517 La Verrière, 78322 Le Mesnil Saint Denis, France
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Acoustics 2020, 2(4), 776-790; https://doi.org/10.3390/acoustics2040043
Received: 1 September 2020 / Revised: 16 October 2020 / Accepted: 19 October 2020 / Published: 29 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aeroacoustics of Turbomachines)
Two blade curvatures representative of those found in automotive fans are compared. Measured performances are analyzed for forward and backward curved blades, either with or without heat-exchangers placed in front of them. The backward fan demonstrated good efficiency but poor acoustics, whereas it is the contrary for the forward fan. Investigations are completed by a numerical analysis of the flow in the cooling module. Different integration effects are highlighted depending on the blade curvature, showing variation in pressure, torque and efficiency. Analyses of blade loadings show that the flow is more homogeneous with a forward curved fan and it produces less unsteadiness at the blade tip. Post-processing of detached eddy simulations (DES) shows density fluctuations on the blade wall and confirms the correlation between the large vortical structures and the acoustic sources for both fans. In addition, with the forward fan, the sound propagation is less directed towards the axis of rotation and it yields up to −3.6 dB of sound pressure level (SPL) measured in front of the cooling module. As a conclusion, any choice for a fan must result from a compromise between aerodynamics and aeroacoustics, and the final performances must be carefully checked on the module. View Full-Text
Keywords: fan; fan system; aeroacoustics; cooling module; blade curvature fan; fan system; aeroacoustics; cooling module; blade curvature
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MDPI and ACS Style

Henner, M.; Demory, B.; Alaoui, M.; Laurent, M.; Behey, B. Effect of Blade Curvature on Fan Integration in Engine Cooling Module. Acoustics 2020, 2, 776-790. https://doi.org/10.3390/acoustics2040043

AMA Style

Henner M, Demory B, Alaoui M, Laurent M, Behey B. Effect of Blade Curvature on Fan Integration in Engine Cooling Module. Acoustics. 2020; 2(4):776-790. https://doi.org/10.3390/acoustics2040043

Chicago/Turabian Style

Henner, Manuel, Bruno Demory, Mohamed Alaoui, Maxime Laurent, and Benjamin Behey. 2020. "Effect of Blade Curvature on Fan Integration in Engine Cooling Module" Acoustics 2, no. 4: 776-790. https://doi.org/10.3390/acoustics2040043

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