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“Still covered in sand.looked very old.”—Legal Obligations in the Internet Market for Antiquities

Department of Ancient History, Macquarie University, Sydney 2109, Australia
Heritage 2019, 2(3), 2311-2326; https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage2030142
Received: 5 July 2019 / Revised: 30 July 2019 / Accepted: 30 July 2019 / Published: 6 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Art and Antiquities Crime)
The global internet antiquities market exists in a complex cultural heritage framework, comprised of international law and domestic legislation. In this paper, the questions I seek to answer are the following: how do internet antiquities dealers engage with their legal obligations, and how is this engagement translated to the ethics of their businesses? This paper presents a comparative examination of 45 antiquities dealers split across three categories—internet dealers, eBay dealers and social media dealers—revealing three key insights about the internet antiquities market: firstly, that the level of legal literacy in the market is depicted as being quite poor; secondly, that the performance of legal awareness does not always correspond with ethical dealer practices; and finally, some dealers utilise a suite of justifications for their behaviours, practices and values (known as neutralisation techniques) to undermine their legal obligations. Such results confirm existing claims of the failure of self-regulation in the internet antiquities market and reveal a demand for educational campaigns targeted at raising consumer awareness by challenging misleading market narratives and highlighting the ethical and legal issues involved with the trade of cultural heritage. View Full-Text
Keywords: internet antiquities market; neutralisation techniques; legal literacy internet antiquities market; neutralisation techniques; legal literacy
MDPI and ACS Style

Dundler, L. “Still covered in sand.looked very old.”—Legal Obligations in the Internet Market for Antiquities. Heritage 2019, 2, 2311-2326. https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage2030142

AMA Style

Dundler L. “Still covered in sand.looked very old.”—Legal Obligations in the Internet Market for Antiquities. Heritage. 2019; 2(3):2311-2326. https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage2030142

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dundler, Lauren. 2019. "“Still covered in sand.looked very old.”—Legal Obligations in the Internet Market for Antiquities" Heritage 2, no. 3: 2311-2326. https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage2030142

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