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Open AccessArticle

Structure-from-Motion (SFM) Photogrammetry as a Non-Invasive Methodology to Digitalize Historical Documents: A Highly Flexible and Low-Cost Approach?

by 1,*,† and 2,†
1
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra “Ardito Desio”, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Mangiagalli 34, 20133 Milano, Italy
2
Lab G4CH, Department of Architecture and Design (DAD), Politecnico di Torino, Viale Mattioli, 39, 10125 Torino, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Heritage 2019, 2(3), 2124-2136; https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage2030128
Received: 3 June 2019 / Revised: 22 July 2019 / Accepted: 22 July 2019 / Published: 24 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Digital Heritage)
Historical documents represent a significant part of the world cultural heritage and need to be preserved from physical deformation due to ageing. The restoration of fragile documents requires economic resources that are often limited to only preserve the integrity of exceptional and highly valuable historical records. On the other hand, regeneration of ancient documents in digital form is a useful way to preserve them regardless of the material they are made of. In addition, the digitization of historical cartography allows creating a valuable dataset for a variety of GIS applications as well as spatial and landscape studies. Nonetheless, historical maps are usually deformed, and a contact-scanning process could damage them because this method requires planar positioning of the map. In this regard, photogrammetry has been used successfully as a non-invasive method to digitize historical documentation. The purpose of this research is to assess a low-cost and highly flexible strategy to digitize historical maps and documents through digital photogrammetry using low-cost commercial off-the-shelf sensors. This methodology allows training a wider audience of cultural heritage operators in digitizing historic records with a millimeter-level accuracy. View Full-Text
Keywords: structure-from-motion; photogrammetry; 3D model; orthophotos; historical cartography; cultural heritage conservation structure-from-motion; photogrammetry; 3D model; orthophotos; historical cartography; cultural heritage conservation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Brandolini, F.; Patrucco, G. Structure-from-Motion (SFM) Photogrammetry as a Non-Invasive Methodology to Digitalize Historical Documents: A Highly Flexible and Low-Cost Approach? Heritage 2019, 2, 2124-2136. https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage2030128

AMA Style

Brandolini F, Patrucco G. Structure-from-Motion (SFM) Photogrammetry as a Non-Invasive Methodology to Digitalize Historical Documents: A Highly Flexible and Low-Cost Approach? Heritage. 2019; 2(3):2124-2136. https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage2030128

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brandolini, Filippo; Patrucco, Giacomo. 2019. "Structure-from-Motion (SFM) Photogrammetry as a Non-Invasive Methodology to Digitalize Historical Documents: A Highly Flexible and Low-Cost Approach?" Heritage 2, no. 3: 2124-2136. https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage2030128

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