Next Article in Journal
Glocal Participatory System for the Recording, Documentation and Promotion of Cultural Heritage: A Greek Case-Study
Previous Article in Journal
Conservation of a Wooden Tomb-Marker from the Jewish Cemetery of Algarrobos in Argentina
Article Menu
Issue 1 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Heritage 2018, 1(1), 57-87; https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage1010006

Implementing Sustainability in Retrofitting Heritage Buildings. Case Study: Villa Antoniadis, Alexandria, Egypt

Department of Architecture, Faculty of Fine Arts, University of Alexandria, Alexandria 21411, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 March 2018 / Revised: 16 May 2018 / Accepted: 19 May 2018 / Published: 22 May 2018

Abstract

Sustainable design is believed to stand on the opposite side of heritage conservation. This view is supported by the fact that sustainable design requires invasive measures to implement new technologies and treatments that challenge the principle of minimum intervention in heritage conservation. Another point of view sees heritage conservation as an already act of sustainable development that protects and preserves social and cultural resources such as heritage buildings and their intangible values. On the other hand, research and practice have proven that heritage buildings can be the subjects of sustainable design projects that achieve outstanding measures of sustainability and energy efficiency while not compromising the authenticity of the heritage value of the building. This sustainable conservation reaches its peak in adaptive-reuse projects of heritage buildings as reusing the building guarantees its ongoing maintenance and promotes its social, cultural and economic values to society, while giving it the ability to withstand modern users’ comfort and energy efficiency standards. This research presents a case study of the adaptive-reuse project of Villa Antoniadis in Alexandria; a heritage building built in the mid-nineteenth century and in the process of a major adaptive-reuse project. The history and significance of the building will be studied as well as the conservation values of the current project, then some proposals for interventions that could achieve more energy efficiency for the project while conserving the building are discussed. The research included a simulation of the building, using building energy modelling software for the current adaptive-reuse project as a base case, and the hypothetical application of different proposed sustainable interventions such as thermal insulation, double glazing, shading, lighting control, natural ventilation, and photovoltaic energy generation, where the energy savings potentials for each proposed intervention were studied. The simulation proved a possible reduction of 36.5% in the cooling, heating and lighting energy consumption as well as generated 74.7% of the energy required for cooling, heating and lighting from renewable energy sources. View Full-Text
Keywords: retrofit; heritage; conservation; adaptive-reuse; energy efficiency; sustainability; simulation; Villa Antoniadis; Alexandria; Egypt retrofit; heritage; conservation; adaptive-reuse; energy efficiency; sustainability; simulation; Villa Antoniadis; Alexandria; Egypt
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Khalil, A.M.R.; Hammouda, N.Y.; El-Deeb, K.F. Implementing Sustainability in Retrofitting Heritage Buildings. Case Study: Villa Antoniadis, Alexandria, Egypt. Heritage 2018, 1, 57-87.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Heritage EISSN 2571-9408 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top