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Water-Driven Music Technologies through Centuries

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Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
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Center of Excellence for Climate Change Research, Department of Meteorology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
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Roydonian Works, 47 Louies Lane, Roydon, Diss IP22 4EQ UK
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Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Padova, 35131 Padova PD, Italy
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Capacity Development in Water and Environmental Services, Tampere University, 33100 Tampere, Finland
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College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, SKUAST-Kashmir, Srinagar (J&K) 190025, India
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Institute of Social Sciences, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Punjab 60000, Pakistan
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College of Arts and Sciences, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
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HAO-Demeter, Agricultural Research Institution of Crete, Iraklion 71300, Greece
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Hellenic Union of Municipal Enterprises for water Supply and Sewerage, Larissa 41222, Greece
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J 2021, 4(1), 1-21; https://doi.org/10.3390/j4010001
Received: 19 September 2020 / Revised: 9 November 2020 / Accepted: 22 December 2020 / Published: 22 December 2020
Water-driven music technology has been one of the primary sources of human leisure from prehistoric times up until the present. Water powered, along with air pressure organs, have been used throughout history. One of them was an organ of fountains located inside a formal garden. Throughout ancient mythology, several different gods have been linked to music in many civilizations, in particular, Minoa, Mehrgarh, and Gandhara. Water deities were usually significant amid civilizations located next to a sea or an ocean, or even a great river like the Indus River in Pakistan, the Nile River in the Middle East or the Ganga River in India. These fountains performed a wide range of songs from Classical to contemporary Arabic, and even included other worldly music. The study of water-driven music technology demonstrates the diachronic evolution and the revelation that ancient people had impressive knowledge of the engineering needed for water exploitation and manipulation. This revelation is still both fascinating and intriguing for today’s water engineers. This paper also shows the relationship between water in nature and music, and furthermore, how nature has inspired composers throughout history. This research shows the sustainability of different kinds of water-driven musical instruments, not only through their use in past centuries, but their relevance in music therapy and other purposes of today. This study is useful for researchers in the fields of history, music, engineering and sustainable development. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; water-driven music; fountains; socio-culture; water organs; musical instrument; water history sustainability; water-driven music; fountains; socio-culture; water organs; musical instrument; water history
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MDPI and ACS Style

Valipour, M.; Briscoe, R.; Falletti, L.; Juuti, P.S.; Katko, T.S.; Rajala, R.P.; Kumar, R.; Khan, S.; Chnaraki, M.; Angelakis, A. Water-Driven Music Technologies through Centuries. J 2021, 4, 1-21. https://doi.org/10.3390/j4010001

AMA Style

Valipour M, Briscoe R, Falletti L, Juuti PS, Katko TS, Rajala RP, Kumar R, Khan S, Chnaraki M, Angelakis A. Water-Driven Music Technologies through Centuries. J. 2021; 4(1):1-21. https://doi.org/10.3390/j4010001

Chicago/Turabian Style

Valipour, Mohammad, Rodney Briscoe, Luigi Falletti, Petri S. Juuti, Tapio S. Katko, Riikka P. Rajala, Rohitashw Kumar, Saifullah Khan, Maria Chnaraki, and Andreas Angelakis. 2021. "Water-Driven Music Technologies through Centuries" J 4, no. 1: 1-21. https://doi.org/10.3390/j4010001

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