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Open AccessReview

A Review of the Transformation of Road Transport Systems: Are We Ready for the Next Step in Artificially Intelligent Sustainable Transport?

1
School of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Curtin University, Perth, WA 6845, Australia
2
Director of Roadway, Transportation and Traffic Safety Research Centre (RTTSRC), United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, UAE
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Syst. Innov. 2020, 3(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/asi3010001
Received: 19 November 2019 / Revised: 13 December 2019 / Accepted: 18 December 2019 / Published: 19 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transport Systems and Infrastructures)
Mobility is experiencing a revolution, as advanced communications, computers with big data capacities, efficient networks of sensors, and signals, are developing value-added applications such as intelligent spaces and autonomous vehicles. Another new technology that is both promising and might even be pervasive for faster, safer and more environmentally-friendly public transport (PT) is the development of autonomous vehicles (AVs). This study aims to understand the state of the current research on the artificially intelligent transportation system (ITS) and AVs through a critical evaluation of peer-reviewed literature. This study’s findings revealed that the majority of existing research (around 82% of studies) focused on AVs. Results show that AVs can potentially reduce more than 80% of pollutant emissions per mile if powered by alternate energy resources (e.g., natural gas, biofuel, electricity, hydrogen cells, etc.). Not only can private vehicle ownership be cut down by bringing in ridesharing but the average vehicle miles travelled (VMT) should also be reduced through improved PT. The main benefits of AV adoption were reported in the literature to be travel time, traffic congestion, cost and environmental factors. Findings revealed barriers such as technological uncertainties, lack of regulation, unawareness among stakeholders and privacy and security concerns, along with the fact that lack of simulation and empirical modelling data from pilot studies limit the application. AV–PT was also found to be the most sustainable strategy in dense urban areas to shift the heavy trip load from private vehicles. View Full-Text
Keywords: autonomous cars; urban mobility; rapid bus transport; greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions; energy conservation autonomous cars; urban mobility; rapid bus transport; greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions; energy conservation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hasan, U.; Whyte, A.; Al Jassmi, H. A Review of the Transformation of Road Transport Systems: Are We Ready for the Next Step in Artificially Intelligent Sustainable Transport? Appl. Syst. Innov. 2020, 3, 1. https://doi.org/10.3390/asi3010001

AMA Style

Hasan U, Whyte A, Al Jassmi H. A Review of the Transformation of Road Transport Systems: Are We Ready for the Next Step in Artificially Intelligent Sustainable Transport? Applied System Innovation. 2020; 3(1):1. https://doi.org/10.3390/asi3010001

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hasan, Umair; Whyte, Andrew; Al Jassmi, Hamad. 2020. "A Review of the Transformation of Road Transport Systems: Are We Ready for the Next Step in Artificially Intelligent Sustainable Transport?" Appl. Syst. Innov. 3, no. 1: 1. https://doi.org/10.3390/asi3010001

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