Next Article in Journal
Using Soil Stratigraphy and Tephrochronology to Understand the Origin, Age, and Classification of a Unique Late Quaternary Tephra-Derived Ultisol in Aotearoa New Zealand
Next Article in Special Issue
Dropstones in Lacustrine Sediments as a Record of Snow Avalanches—A Validation of the Proxy by Combining Satellite Imagery and Varve Chronology at Kenai Lake (South-Central Alaska)
Previous Article in Journal
SISAL: Bringing Added Value to Speleothem Research
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Quaternary 2019, 2(1), 8;

Grain-Size Distribution and Structural Characteristics of Varved Sediments from Lake Żabińskie (Northeastern Poland)

Faculty of Oceanography and Geography, University of Gdansk, 80-309 Gdansk, Poland
Faculty of Geography and Biology, Pedagogical University of Cracow, 30-084 Krakow, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 November 2018 / Revised: 29 January 2019 / Accepted: 2 February 2019 / Published: 4 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Annually Laminated Lake Sediments)
Full-Text   |   PDF [6269 KB, uploaded 6 March 2019]   |  


Typically, the description of varve microfacies is based on microscopic sedimentary structures, while standard grain-size analysis is commonly applied with lower resolution. Studies involving a direct comparison of varve microfacies and particle-size distributions, common for clastic environments, are scarce for biogenic varves. In this study, we analyzed nine-year resolution grain-size data from Lake Żabińskie (northeastern Poland) to detect differences between varve microfacies. Six varve microfacies were differentiated using grain-size distributions and sedimentological attributes (calcite layer thickness, dark layer thickness, mass accumulation rate). However, changes in particle-size distributions between different varve types are relatively small and indicate a similar source for the material deposited. Decomposition of grain-size distributions with the end-member approach allows recognition of relative changes for the deposition of allochthonous (mineral) and autochthonous (carbonates, (hydr)oxides) components. Grain-size data suggest that sources of allochthonous material remained constant, while varve formation was controlled mostly by in-lake processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: varves; lake sediments; grain-size; end-members varves; lake sediments; grain-size; end-members

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Żarczyński, M.; Szmańda, J.; Tylmann, W. Grain-Size Distribution and Structural Characteristics of Varved Sediments from Lake Żabińskie (Northeastern Poland). Quaternary 2019, 2, 8.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Quaternary EISSN 2571-550X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top