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Review

Tackling the Circular Economy Challenges—Composites Recycling: Used Tyres, Wind Turbine Blades, and Solar Panels

1
Faculty of Material Engineering and Physics, Cracow University of Technology, Jana Pawła II 37, 31-864 Cracow, Poland
2
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education, Krishnankoil 626126, India
3
Raluca Ripan Institute of Research in Chemistry, Babes-Bolyai University, 400084 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Payam ZarrinTaj
J. Compos. Sci. 2021, 5(9), 243; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs5090243
Received: 13 August 2021 / Revised: 6 September 2021 / Accepted: 9 September 2021 / Published: 11 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Progress in Green Composites)
Transformation of waste into resources is an important part of the circular economy. Nowadays, the recovery of materials in the most effective way is crucial for sustainable development. Composite materials offer great opportunities for product development and high performance in use, but their position in a circular economy system remains challenging, especially in terms of material recovery. Currently, the methods applied for recycling composites are not always effective. The aim of the article is to analyse the most important methods of material recovery from multilateral composites. The manuscript presents three case studies related to the recycling of products manufactured from composites: used tyres, wind turbine blades, and solar panels. It shows the advantages and disadvantages of currently applied methods for multilateral composite utilisation and presents further trends in composite recycling. The results show that increasing volumes of end-of-life composites have led to increased attention from government, industry, and academia. View Full-Text
Keywords: circular economy; composite recycling; multilateral composite; used tyre; wind turbine blade; solar panel circular economy; composite recycling; multilateral composite; used tyre; wind turbine blade; solar panel
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MDPI and ACS Style

Korniejenko, K.; Kozub, B.; Bąk, A.; Balamurugan, P.; Uthayakumar, M.; Furtos, G. Tackling the Circular Economy Challenges—Composites Recycling: Used Tyres, Wind Turbine Blades, and Solar Panels. J. Compos. Sci. 2021, 5, 243. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs5090243

AMA Style

Korniejenko K, Kozub B, Bąk A, Balamurugan P, Uthayakumar M, Furtos G. Tackling the Circular Economy Challenges—Composites Recycling: Used Tyres, Wind Turbine Blades, and Solar Panels. Journal of Composites Science. 2021; 5(9):243. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs5090243

Chicago/Turabian Style

Korniejenko, Kinga, Barbara Kozub, Agnieszka Bąk, Ponnambalam Balamurugan, Marimuthu Uthayakumar, and Gabriel Furtos. 2021. "Tackling the Circular Economy Challenges—Composites Recycling: Used Tyres, Wind Turbine Blades, and Solar Panels" Journal of Composites Science 5, no. 9: 243. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs5090243

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