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Review

Biomimetics and Composite Materials toward Efficient Mobility: A Review

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Randon Center of Technology, Estrada Arziro Galafassi, s/no, Farroupilha 95180-000, Brazil
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PPGE3M, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Osvaldo Aranha 99, Porto Alegre 90035-190, Brazil
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School of Engineering, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
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STE Parts-Tecnopuc, Senador Salgado Filho, 7000/378, Viamão 94440-000, Brazil
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Prana Environmental Consulting, Rua Luiz Michelon 1405/301, Caxias do Sul 95074-001, Brazil
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Compos. Sci. 2021, 5(1), 22; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs5010022
Received: 23 December 2020 / Revised: 7 January 2021 / Accepted: 8 January 2021 / Published: 13 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Journal of Composites Science in 2021)
The development of new materials has always been strictly related to the rise of new technologies and progressively efficient systems. However, cutting-edge materials might not be enough to ensure the effectiveness of a given product if the design guidelines used do not favor the specific advantages of this material. Polymeric composites are known for their excellent mechanical properties, but current manufacturing techniques and the relatively narrow expertise in the field amongst engineers impose the challenge to provide the most suitable designs to certain applications. Bio-inspired designs, supported by thousands of years of evolution of nature, have shown to be extremely profitable tools for the design of optimized yet structurally complex shapes in which the tailoring aspect of polymeric composites perfectly fit. Bearing in mind the current but old-fashioned designs of auto-parts and vehicles built with metals with little or no topological optimization, the present work addresses how biomimicry is being applied in the mobility industry nowadays to provide lightweight structures and efficient designs. A general overview of biomimicry is made regarding vehicles, approaching how the use of composite materials has already contributed to successful cases. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomimicry; bio-inspired design; polymers; FRP; mobility; sustainability biomimicry; bio-inspired design; polymers; FRP; mobility; sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Boaretto, J.; Fotouhi, M.; Tende, E.; Aver, G.F.; Marcon, V.R.R.; Cordeiro, G.L.; Bergmann, C.P.; Vannucchi de Camargo, F. Biomimetics and Composite Materials toward Efficient Mobility: A Review. J. Compos. Sci. 2021, 5, 22. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs5010022

AMA Style

Boaretto J, Fotouhi M, Tende E, Aver GF, Marcon VRR, Cordeiro GL, Bergmann CP, Vannucchi de Camargo F. Biomimetics and Composite Materials toward Efficient Mobility: A Review. Journal of Composites Science. 2021; 5(1):22. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs5010022

Chicago/Turabian Style

Boaretto, Joel, Mohammad Fotouhi, Eduardo Tende, Gustavo F. Aver, Victoria R.R. Marcon, Guilherme L. Cordeiro, Carlos P. Bergmann, and Felipe Vannucchi de Camargo. 2021. "Biomimetics and Composite Materials toward Efficient Mobility: A Review" Journal of Composites Science 5, no. 1: 22. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs5010022

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