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Article

Impact Performance and Bending Behavior of Carbon-Fiber Foam-Core Sandwich Composite Structures in Cold Arctic Temperature

by 1, 2 and 1,*
1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Akron, Akron, OH 44325-3903, USA
2
School of Aeronautics, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Compos. Sci. 2020, 4(3), 133; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs4030133
Received: 15 August 2020 / Revised: 6 September 2020 / Accepted: 8 September 2020 / Published: 10 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon Fiber Composites)
This study investigates the impact performance, post-impact bending behavior and damage mechanisms of Divinycell H-100 foam core with woven carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) face sheets sandwich panel in cold temperature Arctic conditions. Low-velocity impact tests were performed at 23, −30 and −70 °C. Results indicate that exposure to low temperature reduces impact damage tolerance significantly. X-ray microcomputed tomography is utilized to reveal damage modes such as matrix cracking, delamination and fiber breakage on the CFRP face sheet, as well as core crushing, core shearing and debonding in the Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) foam core. Post-impact bending tests reveal that residual flexural properties are more sensitive to the in-plane compressive property of the CFRP face sheet than the tensile property. Specifically, the degradation of flexural strength strongly depends on pre-existing impact damage and temperature conditions. Statistical analyses based on this study are employed to show that flexural performance is dominantly governed by face sheet thickness and pre-bending impact energy. View Full-Text
Keywords: composite sandwich structure; impact performance; bending behavior; arctic temperature composite sandwich structure; impact performance; bending behavior; arctic temperature
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MDPI and ACS Style

Khan, M.H.; Li, B.; Tan, K.T. Impact Performance and Bending Behavior of Carbon-Fiber Foam-Core Sandwich Composite Structures in Cold Arctic Temperature. J. Compos. Sci. 2020, 4, 133. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs4030133

AMA Style

Khan MH, Li B, Tan KT. Impact Performance and Bending Behavior of Carbon-Fiber Foam-Core Sandwich Composite Structures in Cold Arctic Temperature. Journal of Composites Science. 2020; 4(3):133. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs4030133

Chicago/Turabian Style

Khan, M.H., Bing Li, and K.T. Tan 2020. "Impact Performance and Bending Behavior of Carbon-Fiber Foam-Core Sandwich Composite Structures in Cold Arctic Temperature" Journal of Composites Science 4, no. 3: 133. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs4030133

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