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Scale, Material Concentration, Stress Relief and Part Removal Effects on the Dimensional Behaviour of Selected AlSi10Mg Components Manufactured by Laser Powder Bed Fusion

Department of Mechanical Engineering, École de technologie supérieure (ÉTS), Montreal, QC H3C 1K3, Canada
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J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2019, 3(2), 49; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmmp3020049
Received: 2 May 2019 / Revised: 27 May 2019 / Accepted: 13 June 2019 / Published: 18 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Development in Metal Additive Manufacturing)
Laser Powder Bed Fusion (LPBF) is a predominant Additive Manufacturing (AM) process. While metallic LPBF is gaining popularity, one of the barriers facing its wider industrial use is the current relatively limited knowledge with respect to its dimensional and geometrical performance, as well as the inability to predict it. This paper presents an experimental investigation of the geometrical and dimensional deviations of selected LPBF-manufactured components according to the ASME Y14.5 (2009) standard. In this study, two types of axisymmetric parts (cylinder and cylindrical pyramid) were designed with three different levels of material concentration, and replicated at three different scales for a total of 18 test artifacts. These parts were manufactured from AlSi10Mg powder using an EOSINT M280 printer, subjected to stress relief annealing at 300 °C for two hours, removed from the platform and finished by micro shot peening. A complete statistical analysis was carried out on the artifacts before and after each post-processing step. The results of this investigation allowed for the quantification of the intra- (same part) and inter- (different parts) scale effects, as well as of the material concentration, stress relief, part removal and micro shot peening effects on the overall three-dimensional (3D) profile deviations and on the dimensional deviations of some selected features (e.g., diameter, thickness). For example, cylindrical pyramid parts showed the following average deviations of their outside diameters: a −63 µm shrinkage of the as-built part diameter as compared to its computer-assisted design (CAD) value, a +20 µm expansion after stress relief annealing as compared to the precedent step, a −18 µm shrinkage after part removal and, finally, a −50 µm shrinkage after micro shot peening. View Full-Text
Keywords: additive manufacturing; laser powder bed fusion; selective laser melting; metrology; material concentration; post-processing; geometrical dimensioning and tolerancing additive manufacturing; laser powder bed fusion; selective laser melting; metrology; material concentration; post-processing; geometrical dimensioning and tolerancing
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Zongo, F.; Tahan, A.; Brailovski, V. Scale, Material Concentration, Stress Relief and Part Removal Effects on the Dimensional Behaviour of Selected AlSi10Mg Components Manufactured by Laser Powder Bed Fusion. J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2019, 3, 49.

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