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Article

Optimum Sizing of Photovoltaic-Battery Power Supply for Drone-Based Cellular Networks

1
Department of AAU Energy, Aalborg University, 9220 Aalborg, Denmark
2
Division of Industrial Electrical Engineering and Automation, Lund University, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden
3
Faculty of Engineering, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD 4000, Australia
4
Department of Photonics Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
5
Center for Research on Microgrids (CROM), Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg University, 9220 Aalborg, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Diego González-Aguilera
Drones 2021, 5(4), 138; https://doi.org/10.3390/drones5040138
Received: 29 September 2021 / Revised: 17 November 2021 / Accepted: 17 November 2021 / Published: 22 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Feature Papers of Drones)
In order to provide Internet access to rural areas and places without a reliable economic electricity grid, self-sustainable drone-based cellular networks have recently been presented. However, the difficulties of power consumption and mission planning lead to the challenge of optimal sizing of the power supply for future cellular telecommunication networks. In order to deal with this challenge, this paper presents an optimal approach for sizing the photovoltaic (PV)-battery power supply for drone-based cellular networks in remote areas. The main objective of the suggested approach is to minimize the total cost, including the capital and operational expenditures. The suggested framework is applied to an off-grid cellular telecommunication network with drone-based base stations that are powered by PV-battery systems-based recharging sites in a rural location. The PV-battery system is optimally designed for three recharging sites with three different power consumption profiles with different peak and cumulative loads. Results show that the optimal design of the PV-battery system is dependent on geographical data, solar irradiation, and ambient temperature, which affect the output power of the PV system, as well as the power consumption profile, which affects the required number of PV panels and battery capacity. View Full-Text
Keywords: drones; base stations; cellular networks; photovoltaic system; battery drones; base stations; cellular networks; photovoltaic system; battery
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MDPI and ACS Style

Javidsharifi, M.; Pourroshanfekr Arabani, H.; Kerekes, T.; Sera, D.; Spataru, S.V.; Guerrero, J.M. Optimum Sizing of Photovoltaic-Battery Power Supply for Drone-Based Cellular Networks. Drones 2021, 5, 138. https://doi.org/10.3390/drones5040138

AMA Style

Javidsharifi M, Pourroshanfekr Arabani H, Kerekes T, Sera D, Spataru SV, Guerrero JM. Optimum Sizing of Photovoltaic-Battery Power Supply for Drone-Based Cellular Networks. Drones. 2021; 5(4):138. https://doi.org/10.3390/drones5040138

Chicago/Turabian Style

Javidsharifi, Mahshid, Hamoun Pourroshanfekr Arabani, Tamas Kerekes, Dezso Sera, Sergiu Viorel Spataru, and Josep M. Guerrero. 2021. "Optimum Sizing of Photovoltaic-Battery Power Supply for Drone-Based Cellular Networks" Drones 5, no. 4: 138. https://doi.org/10.3390/drones5040138

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