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Proceedings 2019, 11(1), 22; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019011022

Phytochemical Combinations Modulate the Activation of Nrf2 and Expression of SOD in Pancreatic Cancer Cells More Efficiently Than Single Plant Components

Department of Pharmaceutical Biochemistry, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, 60-781 Poznań, Poland
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Presented at Natural Products and the Hallmarks of Chronic Diseases—COST Action 16112, Luxemburg 25–27 March 2019.
Published: 17 April 2019
PDF [309 KB, uploaded 17 April 2019]

Abstract

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma mainly occurs in elderly people. Thus, the management of pancreatic cancer in the aging population is becoming increasingly relevant. In this preliminary study we evaluated the effect of selected phytochemicals and their combinations on the expression and activation of Nrf2 transcription factor in the human pancreatic cancer cell line MIA-Pa-Ca-2. Treatment for 24 h with xanthohumol (X), resveratrol (RES), indole-3-carbinol (I3C) or phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC) had no effect on the expression and activation of Nrf2, or the expression of the SOD gene controlled by Nrf2. However, combinations of these phytochemicals significantly increased Nrf2 activation and subsequently the expression of SOD. The most efficient were the mixtures of resveratrol and glucosinolates degradation products, I3C and PEITC. These results indicate that combinations of phytochemicals resembling that occurring in natural diets may efficiently modulate the signaling pathways, whose proper function is important for pancreatic cancer prophylaxis or improving the results of conventional therapy.
Keywords: Nrf2; SOD; phytochemicals; pancreatic cancer; elderly people Nrf2; SOD; phytochemicals; pancreatic cancer; elderly people
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Krajka-Kuźniak, V.; Cykowiak, M.; Baer-Dubowska, W. Phytochemical Combinations Modulate the Activation of Nrf2 and Expression of SOD in Pancreatic Cancer Cells More Efficiently Than Single Plant Components. Proceedings 2019, 11, 22.

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