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Proceedings 2019, 11(1), 16; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2019011016

Effect of Nigella sativa Oil in a Rat Model of Adjuvant-Induced Arthritis

1
Unit of Toxicology and Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, University of Camerino, 62032 Camerino,Italy
2
Unit of Molecular biology, School of Pharmacy, University of Camerino, 62032 Camerino, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Presented at Natural Products and the Hallmarks of Chronic Diseases—COST Action 16112, Luxemburg, 25–27 March 2019.
Published: 16 April 2019
PDF [154 KB, uploaded 16 April 2019]

Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis is characterized by chronic progressive inflammation and damage at joints leading to disability in about 250 million people between 30 and 60 years of age. Here we studied the capacity of Nigella sativa oil cultivar, produced in the Marche region (Italy), to slow the onset/progression of disease in an adjuvant-induced arthritis animal model [1]. Nigella sativa oil was chosen for its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties previously measured in a human in vitro model of low–grade inflammation [2]. In vitro data showed antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of this oil; in particular, IL-1 beta and IL6 levels were decreased by Nigella sativa oil [2]. The in vivo indicated that 25 days of treatment with Nigella sativa oil can reduce the edema of inoculated and contralateral paws in the animal model of arthritis. Anti-hyperalgesic and anti-allodynic actions of Nigella sativa were observed during the anti-inflammatory process. Arthritic scoring was improved only in the positive control treated with indomethacin.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Nasuti, C.; Bordoni, L.; Fedeli, D.; =Gabbianelli, R. Effect of Nigella sativa Oil in a Rat Model of Adjuvant-Induced Arthritis. Proceedings 2019, 11, 16.

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