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Big Data and Its Applications in Smart Real Estate and the Disaster Management Life Cycle: A Systematic Analysis

1
Faculty of Built Environment, University of New South Wales, Kensington, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
2
School of Project Management, University of Sydney, Camperdown, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Big Data Cogn. Comput. 2020, 4(2), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/bdcc4020004
Received: 10 March 2020 / Revised: 21 March 2020 / Accepted: 24 March 2020 / Published: 26 March 2020
Big data is the concept of enormous amounts of data being generated daily in different fields due to the increased use of technology and internet sources. Despite the various advancements and the hopes of better understanding, big data management and analysis remain a challenge, calling for more rigorous and detailed research, as well as the identifications of methods and ways in which big data could be tackled and put to good use. The existing research lacks in discussing and evaluating the pertinent tools and technologies to analyze big data in an efficient manner which calls for a comprehensive and holistic analysis of the published articles to summarize the concept of big data and see field-specific applications. To address this gap and keep a recent focus, research articles published in last decade, belonging to top-tier and high-impact journals, were retrieved using the search engines of Google Scholar, Scopus, and Web of Science that were narrowed down to a set of 139 relevant research articles. Different analyses were conducted on the retrieved papers including bibliometric analysis, keywords analysis, big data search trends, and authors’ names, countries, and affiliated institutes contributing the most to the field of big data. The comparative analyses show that, conceptually, big data lies at the intersection of the storage, statistics, technology, and research fields and emerged as an amalgam of these four fields with interlinked aspects such as data hosting and computing, data management, data refining, data patterns, and machine learning. The results further show that major characteristics of big data can be summarized using the seven Vs, which include variety, volume, variability, value, visualization, veracity, and velocity. Furthermore, the existing methods for big data analysis, their shortcomings, and the possible directions were also explored that could be taken for harnessing technology to ensure data analysis tools could be upgraded to be fast and efficient. The major challenges in handling big data include efficient storage, retrieval, analysis, and visualization of the large heterogeneous data, which can be tackled through authentication such as Kerberos and encrypted files, logging of attacks, secure communication through Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) and Transport Layer Security (TLS), data imputation, building learning models, dividing computations into sub-tasks, checkpoint applications for recursive tasks, and using Solid State Drives (SDD) and Phase Change Material (PCM) for storage. In terms of frameworks for big data management, two frameworks exist including Hadoop and Apache Spark, which must be used simultaneously to capture the holistic essence of the data and make the analyses meaningful, swift, and speedy. Further field-specific applications of big data in two promising and integrated fields, i.e., smart real estate and disaster management, were investigated, and a framework for field-specific applications, as well as a merger of the two areas through big data, was highlighted. The proposed frameworks show that big data can tackle the ever-present issues of customer regrets related to poor quality of information or lack of information in smart real estate to increase the customer satisfaction using an intermediate organization that can process and keep a check on the data being provided to the customers by the sellers and real estate managers. Similarly, for disaster and its risk management, data from social media, drones, multimedia, and search engines can be used to tackle natural disasters such as floods, bushfires, and earthquakes, as well as plan emergency responses. In addition, a merger framework for smart real estate and disaster risk management show that big data generated from the smart real estate in the form of occupant data, facilities management, and building integration and maintenance can be shared with the disaster risk management and emergency response teams to help prevent, prepare, respond to, or recover from the disasters. View Full-Text
Keywords: big data; data analytics; machine learning; big data management; big data frameworks; big data storage; smart real estate management; property management; disaster management; disaster risk management big data; data analytics; machine learning; big data management; big data frameworks; big data storage; smart real estate management; property management; disaster management; disaster risk management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Munawar, H.S.; Qayyum, S.; Ullah, F.; Sepasgozar, S. Big Data and Its Applications in Smart Real Estate and the Disaster Management Life Cycle: A Systematic Analysis. Big Data Cogn. Comput. 2020, 4, 4. https://doi.org/10.3390/bdcc4020004

AMA Style

Munawar HS, Qayyum S, Ullah F, Sepasgozar S. Big Data and Its Applications in Smart Real Estate and the Disaster Management Life Cycle: A Systematic Analysis. Big Data and Cognitive Computing. 2020; 4(2):4. https://doi.org/10.3390/bdcc4020004

Chicago/Turabian Style

Munawar, Hafiz S.; Qayyum, Siddra; Ullah, Fahim; Sepasgozar, Samad. 2020. "Big Data and Its Applications in Smart Real Estate and the Disaster Management Life Cycle: A Systematic Analysis" Big Data Cogn. Comput. 4, no. 2: 4. https://doi.org/10.3390/bdcc4020004

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