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Review

Reviewing Solutions of Scale for Canine Rabies Elimination in India

1
Mission Rabies, 4 Castle Street, Cranborne, Dorset BH21 5PZ, UK
2
The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and the Roslin Institute, Easter Bush Campus, The University of Edinburgh, Roslin, Midlothian EH25 9RG, UK
3
United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
4
Commonwealth Veterinary Association 123, 7th B Main Road, 4th Block West, Jayanagar, Bangalore 560011, Karnataka, India
5
State Institute of Health and Family Welfare, Parimahal, Kasumpti, Shimla 171009, Himachal Pradesh, India
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Bangalore Veterinary College, KVAFSU, Hebbal, Bangalore 560024, Karnataka, India
7
Merck Animal Health, Madison, NJ 07940, USA
8
World Small Animal Veterinary Association and School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Murdoch University, Murdoch 6150, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2020, 5(1), 47; https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed5010047
Received: 31 December 2019 / Revised: 14 March 2020 / Accepted: 18 March 2020 / Published: 23 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Lyssaviruses and Rabies: Prevention, Control and Elimination)
Canine rabies elimination can be achieved through mass vaccination of the dog population, as advocated by the WHO, OIE and FAO under the ‘United Against Rabies’ initiative. Many countries in which canine rabies is endemic are exploring methods to access dogs for vaccination, campaign structures and approaches to resource mobilization. Reviewing aspects that fostered success in rabies elimination campaigns elsewhere, as well as examples of largescale resource mobilization, such as that seen in the global initiative to eliminate poliomyelitis, may help to guide the planning of sustainable, scalable methods for mass dog vaccination. Elimination of rabies from the majority of Latin America took over 30 years, with years of operational trial and error before a particular approach gained the broad support of decision makers, governments and funders to enable widespread implementation. The endeavour to eliminate polio now enters its final stages; however, there are many transferrable lessons to adopt from the past 32 years of global scale-up. Additionally, there is a need to support operational research, which explores the practicalities of mass dog vaccination roll-out and what are likely to be feasible solutions at scale. This article reviews the processes that supported the scale-up of these interventions, discusses pragmatic considerations of campaign duration and work-force size and finally provides an examples hypothetical resource requirements for implementing mass dog vaccination at scale in Indian cities, with a view to supporting the planning of pilot campaigns from which expanded efforts can grow. View Full-Text
Keywords: rabies; dog; vaccination; campaign; scale-up; polio rabies; dog; vaccination; campaign; scale-up; polio
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gibson, A.D.; Wallace, R.M.; Rahman, A.; Bharti, O.K.; Isloor, S.; Lohr, F.; Gamble, L.; Mellanby, R.J.; King, A.; Day, M.J. Reviewing Solutions of Scale for Canine Rabies Elimination in India. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2020, 5, 47. https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed5010047

AMA Style

Gibson AD, Wallace RM, Rahman A, Bharti OK, Isloor S, Lohr F, Gamble L, Mellanby RJ, King A, Day MJ. Reviewing Solutions of Scale for Canine Rabies Elimination in India. Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease. 2020; 5(1):47. https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed5010047

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gibson, Andrew D., Ryan M. Wallace, Abdul Rahman, Omesh K. Bharti, Shrikrishna Isloor, Frederic Lohr, Luke Gamble, Richard J. Mellanby, Alasdair King, and Michael J. Day 2020. "Reviewing Solutions of Scale for Canine Rabies Elimination in India" Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease 5, no. 1: 47. https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed5010047

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