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Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2018, 3(3), 94; https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed3030094

Onchodermatitis: Where Are We Now?

Department of Dermatology, West Herts Hospitals NHS Trust, Vicarage Road, Watford, Hertfordshire WD18 0HB, UK
Received: 30 July 2018 / Revised: 27 August 2018 / Accepted: 28 August 2018 / Published: 1 September 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [293 KB, uploaded 1 September 2018]

Abstract

Onchocerciasis causes debilitating pruritus and rashes as well as visual impairment and blindness. Prior to control measures, eye disease was particularly prominent in savanna areas of sub-Saharan Africa whilst skin disease was more common across rainforest regions of tropical Africa. Mass drug distribution with ivermectin is changing the global scene of onchocerciasis. There has been successful progressive elimination in Central and Southern American countries and the World Health Organization has set a target for elimination in Africa of 2025. This literature review was conducted to examine progress regarding onchocercal skin disease. PubMed searches were performed using keywords ‘onchocerciasis’, ‘onchodermatitis’ and ‘onchocercal skin disease’ over the past eight years. Articles in English, or with an English abstract, were assessed for relevance, including any pertinent references within the articles. Recent progress in awareness of, understanding and treatment of onchocercal skin disease is reviewed with particular emphasis on publications within the past five years. The global burden of onchodermatitis is progressively reducing and is no longer seen in children in many formerly endemic foci. View Full-Text
Keywords: onchodermatitis; onchocercal skin disease; onchocerciasis; ivermectin onchodermatitis; onchocercal skin disease; onchocerciasis; ivermectin
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Murdoch, M.E. Onchodermatitis: Where Are We Now? Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2018, 3, 94.

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