Day Biting Habits of Mosquitoes Associated with Mangrove Forests in Kedah, Malaysia
AbstractDue to conservation and rehabilitation efforts, mangrove forests represent some of the largest environmental niches in Malaysia. However, there is little information on the potential risks posed by mosquitoes that are directly and indirectly associated with mangrove forests. To study the potential health risk to humans active within and in close vicinity of mangrove forests, this research focused on the day biting habits of mosquitoes in mangrove forests of Kedah, Malaysia. The bare leg catch (BLC) method was used to collect adult mosquitoes during a 12-h period from 7:30 a.m. to 7:30 p.m. in both disturbed and less disturbed areas of mangroves. In total, 795 adult mosquitoes from 5 genera and 8 species were collected, and over 65% of the total mosquitoes were collected from the less disturbed area. The predominant species from the less disturbed area was Verrallina butleri; in the disturbed area the dominant species was Culex sitiens. The peak biting hour differed for each species, with Aedes albopictus and Cx. sitiens recorded as having a bimodal biting activity peak during dawn and dusk. For Ve. butleri an erratic pattern of biting activity was recorded in the less disturbed area but it peaked during the early daytime for both collection points. Overall, the distinct pattern of day biting habits of mosquitoes within mangroves peaked during dawn and dusk for the less disturbed area but was irregular for the disturbed area throughout the day. The presence of vectors of pathogens such as Ae. albopictus for both areas raises the need for authorities to consider management of mosquitoes in mangrove forests. View Full-Text
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T. Ismail, T.N.S.; A. Kassim, N.F.; A. Rahman, A.; Yahya, K.; Webb, C.E. Day Biting Habits of Mosquitoes Associated with Mangrove Forests in Kedah, Malaysia. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2018, 3, 77.
T. Ismail TNS, A. Kassim NF, A. Rahman A, Yahya K, Webb CE. Day Biting Habits of Mosquitoes Associated with Mangrove Forests in Kedah, Malaysia. Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease. 2018; 3(3):77.Chicago/Turabian Style
T. Ismail, Tengku N.S.; A. Kassim, Nur F.; A. Rahman, Azimah; Yahya, Khairun; Webb, Cameron E. 2018. "Day Biting Habits of Mosquitoes Associated with Mangrove Forests in Kedah, Malaysia." Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 3, no. 3: 77.
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