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Urban Chickens as a Pathway for Human Illness: An Examination of Knowledge, Behavior and Risk

1
Department of Biological Sciences, Montana Tech of the University of Montana, 1300 West Park Street, Butte, MT 59701, USA
2
Department of Anthropology, Montana Tech of the University of Montana, 1300 West Park Street, Butte, MT 59701, USA
3
Department of Psychology, Montana Tech of the University of Montana, 1300 West Park Street, Butte, MT 59701, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Urban Sci. 2018, 2(1), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci2010025
Received: 20 January 2018 / Revised: 9 March 2018 / Accepted: 13 March 2018 / Published: 14 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Food Security)
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PDF [251 KB, uploaded 14 March 2018]

Abstract

This research investigates the relationships between human knowledge, behavior and risk as they relate to urban chicken husbandry in the United States. Concern over zoonotic diseases has been on the rise, especially with increasing contact between birds and humans. In particular, avian influenza—or bird flu—and Salmonella enterica (Salmonella) and Escherichia coli (E. coli) can all cross species lines between people and poultry. This study analyzed knowledge and practices in urban chicken husbandry to assess how they relate to risk of disease acquisition, hypothesizing that certain practices associated with a lower knowledge base may heighten the risk. This study used a survey distributed via social media to examine the self-reported knowledge base of individuals involved in chicken husbandry as they relate to beliefs and behaviors associated with the care of these animals. These results identify key factors that may heighten the risk of disease transmission and demonstrate that an increased knowledge base could act to lessen this risk. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban chickens; poultry; disease transmission; food security; risk; exposure; locavore; urban agriculture urban chickens; poultry; disease transmission; food security; risk; exposure; locavore; urban agriculture
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Capoccia, S.; Masters, M.; Risser, S. Urban Chickens as a Pathway for Human Illness: An Examination of Knowledge, Behavior and Risk. Urban Sci. 2018, 2, 25.

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