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Review

Ten Years of Industrie 4.0

1
acatech—National Academy of Science and Engineering, 80333 Munich, Germany
2
German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI), 10559 Berlin, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Sharifu Ura and Paolo Bellavista
Received: 18 May 2022 / Revised: 14 June 2022 / Accepted: 21 June 2022 / Published: 28 June 2022
A decade after its introduction, Industrie 4.0 has been established globally as the dominant paradigm for the digital transformation of the manufacturing industry. Amalgamating research-based results and practical experience from the German industry, this contribution reviews the progress made in implementing Industrie 4.0 and identifies future fields of action from a technological and application-oriented perspective. Putting the human in the center, Industrie 4.0 is the basis for data-based value creation, innovative business models, and agile forms of organization. Today, in the German manufacturing industry, the Internet of Things and cyber–physical production systems are a reality in newly built factories, and the connectivity of machinery has been significantly increased in existing factories. Now, the trends of industrial AI, edge computing up to the edge cloud, 5G in the factory, team robotics, autonomous intralogistics systems, and trustworthy data infrastructures must be leveraged to strengthen resilience, sovereignty, semantic interoperability, and sustainability. This enables the creation of digital innovation ecosystems that ensure long-term adaptability in a volatile economic and geopolitical environment. In sum, this review represents a comprehensive assessment of the status quo and identifies what is needed in the future to reap the rewards of the groundwork done in the first ten years of Industrie 4.0. View Full-Text
Keywords: Industrie 4.0; intelligent manufacturing; smart factories; industrial artificial intelligence; digital twins; zero-defect manufacturing; digital ecosystems Industrie 4.0; intelligent manufacturing; smart factories; industrial artificial intelligence; digital twins; zero-defect manufacturing; digital ecosystems
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kagermann, H.; Wahlster, W. Ten Years of Industrie 4.0. Sci 2022, 4, 26. https://doi.org/10.3390/sci4030026

AMA Style

Kagermann H, Wahlster W. Ten Years of Industrie 4.0. Sci. 2022; 4(3):26. https://doi.org/10.3390/sci4030026

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kagermann, Henning, and Wolfgang Wahlster. 2022. "Ten Years of Industrie 4.0" Sci 4, no. 3: 26. https://doi.org/10.3390/sci4030026

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