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Open AccessArticle

Precipitation of Pt Nanoparticles inside Ion-Track-Etched Capillaries

Department of Advanced Functional Materials Research, National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST), Takasaki, Gunma 370-1292, Japan
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Quantum Beam Sci. 2020, 4(1), 8; https://doi.org/10.3390/qubs4010008
Received: 8 January 2020 / Revised: 31 January 2020 / Accepted: 4 February 2020 / Published: 6 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quantum Beams Applying to Innovative Industrial Materials)
Ion-track-etched capillaries containing nanoparticles of precious metals (e.g., Pt, Au, and Ag) can be applied to plasmonic absorber materials. The precipitation of homogeneous and highly dispersed precious metal nanoparticles inside capillaries represents a key process. Ion-track-etched capillaries (diameter: ~500 nm, length: ~25 μm) were created in polyimide film by 350 MeV Xe irradiation (3 × 107 ions/cm2) and chemical etching (using a sodium hypochlorite solution). The films with capillaries were immersed in an aqueous solution containing 0.1–10 mmol/L H2PtCl6 and 0.5 vol% C2H5OH, and then irradiated with a 2 MeV electron beam up to a fluence of 1.4 × 1016 e/cm2. The Pt particles inside the capillaries were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The precipitation of Pt nanoparticles and isolated aggregates inside the capillaries was confirmed by TEM. The Pt nanoparticles tended to aggregate under increasing concentrations of H2PtCl6 in the aqueous solution; meanwhile, no changes in nanoparticle size were noted under increasing electron beam fluence. The results suggest that the proposed method can be used to form metal nanoparticles in nanosized capillaries with a high aspect ratio. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanoparticles; Pt; ion irradiation nanoparticles; Pt; ion irradiation
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Yamamoto, S.; Koshikawa, H.; Taguchi, T.; Yamaki, T. Precipitation of Pt Nanoparticles inside Ion-Track-Etched Capillaries. Quantum Beam Sci. 2020, 4, 8.

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