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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Cross-Frames on Load Distribution of Steel Bridges with Fractured Girder

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33174, USA
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Infrastructures 2020, 5(4), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/infrastructures5040032
Received: 4 February 2020 / Revised: 28 February 2020 / Accepted: 1 April 2020 / Published: 1 April 2020
In steel girder bridges, fracture of one girder may occur without noticeable bridge profile changes. It is critical to ensure that the bridge will have adequate capacity to prevent collapse until the next cycle of inspection discovers the damage. It is realized that once one of the bridge girders is fractured, vertical loads need to be distributed through an alternative path to the intact girder(s). In this case, cross-frames can play an important role in transferring the loads and preventing from sudden collapse. This paper investigates the impact of cross-frames on load distribution after a fracture is occurred in one girder. Bridge configurations with different cross-frame spacing were studied using finite element modeling and simulation of the bridge behavior with a fractured steel plate girder. Nonlinear and dynamic solution methods were used for these analyses. Results of this investigation demonstrated the important role cross-frames can play in providing some reserved capacity for the bridge with fractured girder to enhance the bridge redundancy. The contribution of the cross-frames and the behavior of the bridge after fracture in one girder however depends on the configuration of the bridge. A study of the variation of the effect of cross-frames with respect to the number of girders is also included in this paper. View Full-Text
Keywords: steel bridges; fracture; cross-frame; redundancy evaluation; load distribution; finite element analysis steel bridges; fracture; cross-frame; redundancy evaluation; load distribution; finite element analysis
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Abedin, M.; Mehrabi, A.B. Effect of Cross-Frames on Load Distribution of Steel Bridges with Fractured Girder. Infrastructures 2020, 5, 32.

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