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Chloride Penetration at Cold Joints of Structural Members with Dissimilar Concrete Incorporating UHPC

Civil and Environmental Department, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33174, USA
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Infrastructures 2019, 4(2), 18; https://doi.org/10.3390/infrastructures4020018
Received: 3 April 2019 / Revised: 22 April 2019 / Accepted: 22 April 2019 / Published: 24 April 2019
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Abstract

Ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) has been introduced for reinforced concrete structures due to its enhanced mechanical performance, including high compressive strength and tensile capacity. In certain applications, such as closure joints, connections, and concrete repairs, reinforcing steel may be embedded in dissimilar concrete elements partially incorporating UHPC. Superficially, UHPC can be considered to provide enhanced corrosion durability in marine environments due to its low permeability which would mitigate chloride-induced corrosion of rebar in the bulk material. However, the chloride intrusion through cold joints can be faster than that in bulk concrete and may jeopardize the durability of structures. This research examines the possibility of enhanced chloride transport at the cold joint incorporating UHPC. The effectiveness of the bond on chloride penetration at the concrete interface with various levels of moisture availability for the substrate at the time of UHPC repair was examined. To this effect, the substrate concrete was conditioned to different moisture content including 0%, 75%, and 100% relative humidity, and soaked prior to UHPC repair concrete casting. Chloride penetration was accelerated by an impressed current source and assessed by silver nitrate solution sprayed on the cold joint. Moreover, the tensile bond strength between substrate concrete and UHPC was measured using the splitting tensile test. View Full-Text
Keywords: UHPC; cold joint; repair; connections; durability; chloride penetration UHPC; cold joint; repair; connections; durability; chloride penetration
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Farzad, M.; Fancy, S.F.; Lau, K.; Azizinamini, A. Chloride Penetration at Cold Joints of Structural Members with Dissimilar Concrete Incorporating UHPC. Infrastructures 2019, 4, 18.

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