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Correction published on 11 February 2019, see Designs 2019, 3(1), 14.

Open AccessArticle
Designs 2018, 2(4), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/designs2040052

Sharpening the Scythe of Technological Change: Socio-Technical Challenges of Autonomous and Adaptive Cyber-Physical Systems

1
CEA, LIST, CEA Saclay, PC172, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
2
MEFi-DGE French Ministry of Economy, 94201 Ivry-sur-Seine, France
3
Dipartimento di Ingegneria e Scienza dell’Informazione, University of Trento, 38123 Trento, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Researcher CEA at present in position of project manager and policy advisor at the French Ministry of Economy. Ideas and opinion in this paper are these of the author, they are not representative of the French Ministry of Economy opinions.
Received: 28 September 2018 / Revised: 20 November 2018 / Accepted: 21 November 2018 / Published: 28 November 2018
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Abstract

Autonomous and Adaptative Cyber-Physical Systems (ACPS) represent a new knowledge frontier of converging “nano-bio-info-cogno” technologies and applications. ACPS have the ability to integrate new ‘mutagenic’ technologies, i.e., technologies able to cause mutations in the society. Emerging approaches, such as artificial intelligence techniques and deep learning, enable exponential speedups for supporting increasingly higher levels of autonomy and self-adaptation. In spite of this disruptive landscape, however, deployment and broader adoption of ACPS in safety-critical scenarios remains challenging. In this paper, we address some challenges that are stretching the limits of ACPS safety engineering, including tightly related aspects such as ethics and resilience. We argue that a paradigm change is needed that includes the entire socio-technical aspects, including trustworthiness, responsibility, liability, as well as the ACPS ability to learn from past events, anticipate long-term threads and recover from unexpected behaviors. View Full-Text
Keywords: autonomous cyber-physical systems; resilience; ethics; nano-bio-info-cogno technologies autonomous cyber-physical systems; resilience; ethics; nano-bio-info-cogno technologies
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Cancila, D.; Gerstenmayer, J.-L.; Espinoza, H.; Passerone, R. Sharpening the Scythe of Technological Change: Socio-Technical Challenges of Autonomous and Adaptive Cyber-Physical Systems. Designs 2018, 2, 52.

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