Next Article in Journal
Virtual Reality Visual Training in an Adult Patient with Anisometropic Amblyopia: Visual and Functional Magnetic Resonance Outcomes
Next Article in Special Issue
Visual Memory Scan Slopes: Their Changes over the First Two Seconds of Processing
Previous Article in Journal
Visual Perception in Migraine: A Narrative Review
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effects of Audiovisual Memory Cues on Working Memory Recall
Article

The Sternberg Paradigm: Correcting Encoding Latencies in Visual and Auditory Test Designs

1
Laboratory of Lighting Technology, Technical University of Darmstadt, Hochschulstr. 4a, 64289 Darmstadt, Germany
2
Light and Health Research Center, Department of Population Health Science and Policy, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, One Gustave L. Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Vision 2021, 5(2), 21; https://doi.org/10.3390/vision5020021
Received: 30 March 2021 / Revised: 26 April 2021 / Accepted: 30 April 2021 / Published: 4 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensory and Working Memory: Stimulus Encoding, Storage, and Retrieval)
The Sternberg task is a widely used tool for assessing the working memory performance in vision and cognitive science. It is possible to apply a visual or auditory variant of the Sternberg task to query the memory load. However, previous studies have shown that the subjects’ corresponding reaction times differ dependent on the used variant. In this work, we present an experimental approach that is intended to correct the reaction time differences observed between auditory and visual item presentation. We found that the subjects’ reaction time offset is related to the encoding speed of a single probe item. After correcting for these individual encoding latencies, differences in the results of both the auditory and visual Sternberg task become non-significant, p=0.252. Thus, an equal task difficulty can be concluded for both variants of item presentation. View Full-Text
Keywords: working memory performance; Sternberg task; memory load; reaction times; differences between visual and auditory encoding working memory performance; Sternberg task; memory load; reaction times; differences between visual and auditory encoding
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Klabes, J.; Babilon, S.; Zandi, B.; Khanh, T.Q. The Sternberg Paradigm: Correcting Encoding Latencies in Visual and Auditory Test Designs. Vision 2021, 5, 21. https://doi.org/10.3390/vision5020021

AMA Style

Klabes J, Babilon S, Zandi B, Khanh TQ. The Sternberg Paradigm: Correcting Encoding Latencies in Visual and Auditory Test Designs. Vision. 2021; 5(2):21. https://doi.org/10.3390/vision5020021

Chicago/Turabian Style

Klabes, Julian, Sebastian Babilon, Babak Zandi, and Tran Q. Khanh 2021. "The Sternberg Paradigm: Correcting Encoding Latencies in Visual and Auditory Test Designs" Vision 5, no. 2: 21. https://doi.org/10.3390/vision5020021

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop