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Sport Intervention Programs (SIPs) to Improve Health and Social Inclusion in People with Intellectual Disabilities: A Systematic Review

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Department of Psychology, Educational Science and Human Movement, University of Palermo, IT, V.le delle Scienze Edificio 15, 90100 Palermo, Italy
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Escola Superior de Rio Maior, CIEQV, Av. Mário Soares, 2040-413 Rio Marior, Portugal
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Escola Superior de Desporto de Rio Maior (ESDRM-IPSantarem), Centro de Investigação em Desporto, Saúde e Desenvolvimento Humano (CIDESD), 2040-413 Rio Marior, PORTUGAL
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Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Teslina 6, 21000 Split, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2019, 4(3), 57; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk4030057
Received: 30 June 2019 / Revised: 5 August 2019 / Accepted: 10 August 2019 / Published: 15 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Psychology of Development and Education Applied to Movement)
Inactivity is a major issue that causes physical and psychological health problems, especially in people with intellectual disability (ID). This review discusses the beneficial effects of sport intervention programs (SIPs) in people with ID, and aims to provide an overview of the scientific literature in order to identify the main factors influencing the participation of people with ID in SIPs. Twelve papers were analyzed and compared. The results show a large variety in examined SIPs, concerning participants’ age and disability, intervention characteristics and context, as well as measures and findings. The main factors essential for people with ID partaking in SIPs appeared to be suitable places for the SIP development, adequate implementation of physical activity (PA) programs in school and extra-school contexts, education, and the training of teachers and instructors. The literature review highlights the relevance of using SIPs in order to improve physical and psychological health, as well as increase social inclusion in populations with ID. SIPs should be included in multifactor intervention programs. Nevertheless, the need is recognized for stakeholders to adopt specific practice and policy in promoting social inclusion in order to organize intervention strategies which are able to provide quality experiences in sport and physical activity for people with ID. View Full-Text
Keywords: inclusion; equal opportunities; sport intervention; intellectual disability inclusion; equal opportunities; sport intervention; intellectual disability
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Scifo, L.; Chicau Borrego, C.; Monteiro, D.; Matosic, D.; Feka, K.; Bianco, A.; Alesi, M. Sport Intervention Programs (SIPs) to Improve Health and Social Inclusion in People with Intellectual Disabilities: A Systematic Review. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2019, 4, 57.

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